The Montgomery Bus Boycott Notes

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The Montgomery Bus Boycott The Montgomery Bus Boycott was an event in which African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating. It took place on the 5th December 1955, to December 20th 1956, and it is regarded as the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in U.S. On December 1, 1955, four days before the boycott began, Rosa Parks, and African-American woman, refused to yield her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. She was arrested, found guilty, and fined $10. The boycott of public buses by blacks in Montgomery began on the day of Parks’ court hearing and lasted 381days. The U.S Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus system. As of 21st December 1956, black people rode the bus again. However, the ruling was unpopular with many white people in Montgomery and elsewhere. One of the leaders of the boycott, a young pastor named Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968), emerged as a prominent leader of the American civil rights movement in the wake of the action. Using the Law In 1947, President Truman told the Committee on Civil Rights that it was time to make sure civil rights laws were enforced. He said ‘We have been trying to do this for 150 years’ However; many state laws enforced only change these laws if they could show they were unconstitutional. This should have been easy; the fourteenth amendment to the constitution made black people full American citizens. Many people in government (especially people of southern states), fought to keep these laws in place. In 1896, in the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson, the Supreme Court had ruled that facilities, transport, and education could all be segregated as long as they were kept separate but equal. In June 1951, Oliver Brown brought the case of Brown vs. Topeka, to try and integrate
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