Comparative Analysis Case

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Comparative Analysis Case Coca-Cola Company and PepsiCo, Inc. By Intermediate Accounting, fall 2013 Instructor: Chapter2 (a) What are the primary lines of business of these two companies as shown in their notes to the financial statements? (b) Which company has the dominant position in beverage sales? (c) How are inventories for these two companies valued? What cost allocation method is used to report inventory? How does their accounting for inventories affect comparability between the two companies? (d) Which company changed its accounting policies during 2009 which affected the consistency of the financial results from the previous year? What were these changes? SOLUTION (a) Coca-Cola indicates its business is nonalcoholic beverages, principally soft drinks, but also a variety of noncarbonated beverages. It notes that it is the world’s largest manufacturer, distributor, and marketer of concentrates and syrups to produce nonalcoholic beverages. In its segment supporting note to the financial statements, however, it does not provide a breakdown of beverage drinks into soft drinks and noncarbonated beverages. Rather segments are defined based on the following geographic areas: the Eurasia & Africa, Europe, Latin America, North America, Pacific, Bottling Investments, and Corporate. PepsiCo views itself as a leading global snack and beverage company. It manufactures manufacture or use contract manufacturers, market and sell a variety of salty, convenient, sweet and grain-based snacks, carbonated and non-carbonated beverages, and foods. It is organized in three business units: • PepsiCo Americas Foods, • PepsiCo Americas Beverages, and • PepsiCo International. The Americas’ divisions operate in the United States and Canada. The international divisions operate in approximately 200 countries, with the largest operations in Mexico and

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