Aswitcho STUDENT NUMBER: 1234 A critical comparison between the Community Psychology and public Health Approaches to social problems PYC 4811 ASSIGNMENT 01 Unique code:657794 l 19 April 2015 PYC4811 ASSIGNMENT 01 Community psychology and Public health approaches might share similar theories and conceptual models for example the empowerment theory, the social change theory, the dissemination of innovation and the ecological theory but they differ in their explanation of causes and influences of mental illness. I will start by giving a historical background of these two approaches that is, how they originated and their historical developments. I will then give a few pointers with regards to the approaches strengths and weaknesses then conclude by highlighting how these approaches complement each other. According to The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology, “Community psychology is a branch of applied psychology that focuses on person- environment interactions usually at the level of the community and is aimed at improving the general quality of life within a community”. It is the interaction that is seen between people and the environment within a certain community.
Assignment 1 PYC4811 Critical Essay Comparing Community Psychology and Public Health Approaches Contents Page Page 1 Cover Page Page 2 Contents Page Page 3 Critical Essay Page 5 Reference Page The aim of this essay is to compare and contrast Community Psychology to the Public Health. Firstly, I shall provide the premise from which each operates. Secondly, I shall provide the differences and similarities between the two approaches. In Community Psychology there are four models. Two of these models are predominantly mentioned, The Mental Health model and the Social Action model.
Community Psychology and Public Health Approaches to Social Problems PYC4811 Assignment: 657794 April 2015 Introduction At first community psychology and the public health’s approach to social problems appear to be similar with only some key differences in their explanation of the causes and influences of these problems on the mental wellbeing of individuals. Some of the similarities include their belief that effective treatment should focus on preventative measures that work with the causes of pathology as opposed to curative measures which aim to treat the incidences and/or symptoms. (Guemina, 1995). Some of the other differences include the role of the individual in the development of a mental illness, as well as intervention and/or therapeutic approaches viewed as most successful and beneficial. This essay will attempt to compare and contrast the approaches of community psychology and the public health to social problems, while giving light to their strengths and limitations.
The poor suffered powerlessness because they were poor, therefore they were placed at the bottom of the social ladder. They were automatically placed at the bottom of the social ladder and were referred to as “sinners” because they were uneducated and poor. They were led to believe that they were inferior and were possessed like property that could be acquired, used , and disposed of the politics of the moment required. 3. Would you describe this society as a power-over or power-with society?
SE refers to the dynamic process of being shut out, fully or partially from any of the social, economic, political and cultural system which determine the social integration of the people in society (Walker and Walker, 1997). This definition gives the sense that some people in society are ‘outsiders’ unable to participate fully in society and that the problem is systematic. A left wing commentator for instance Lister (2004) defines social exclusion in relation to poverty: ‘it is a way of looking at the concept of poverty rather than an alternative to it’. A more typically “right wing” stance tends to associate exclusion as being about behaviour that created a lifestyle which is permanently dislocated from way of
You can also take the route and correlate low class people were neglected, which cost many lives and peoples’ homes. It was argued that when Hurricane Betsey hit, the levees were blown purposely so that the water would overflow into the 9th ward (predominately poor African Americans) and protect the more expensive lake areas (predominately rich Caucasians). It is clear that class plays a major part in whether you are cared about by a government. If I was the director of the film, I would change the way that Spike Lee went about interviewing the people. I think that Lee portrayed the affects of the Hurricane Katrina on less affluent people, which made it more biased.
M2- Compare two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. D1- Evaluate two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. Make an informal judgement on which aspects of each perspective are most or least useful, justifying your conclusions. P1- Psychology is the scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes. In the study of psychology there are six perspectives which each interpret there own idea of the study of psychology and how behaviour is performed as a result.
Community psychology also takes a holistic, systems-based approach to understanding behavior and how people fit in to society, much like related fields such as sociology and social psychology. Community psychology tends to be more centered on applying psychological and social knowledge to solving problems, creating real-world solutions and taking immediate action. Like public health and mental health counseling, community psychology is also focused on the prevention of problems and the promotion of health and well-being. It also has a very strong research-oriented component. Community psychologists often perform original research, develop theoretical frameworks and then apply this knowledge directly within public and private communities.
Giddens (2006) describes social exclusion as the ‘processes by which individuals may become cut off from full involvement in the wider society’. Giddens (2006) states that although poverty (lack of income and resources) is a part of social exclusion, the term itself is broader, as it encompasses other dimensions such as ‘exclusion from services, labour market and social relations’ (Giddens, 2006, p378). There are many causes of social exclusion within society; the Social Exclusion Unit (SEU), (2004) identified five main reasons of the existence of social exclusion, in relation to people with mental health problems. The first reason identified was that of the stigma attached towards having mental health problems and discrimination towards those people. Bell and Lindley (2005) define stigma as a ‘relationship between characteristics of a person and socially constructed negative stereotypes’ (Goffman, 1963, Jones et al., 1984) in (Bell and Lindley, 2005, p107).
Bernstein’s early work comes close with being a ‘cultural deficit’ model. Although Bernstein is sometimes accused of claims he never actually made, his early writings do seem to make a negative judgement on the ‘restricted code’. Murray from the New Right perspective has more recently pursued the theme of the development of an underclass culture. The poorest stratum in society have a distinct set of values which stem from high rates of illegitimacy, single parenthood, welfare dependency, poor socialisation of children. This cultural deprivation which Murray controversially links to lower IQ levels, is seen as creating a group of pupils who are fundamentally alienated from the education system.