Thirdly, the lack of resources, or rather the high amount of expenses that had to be made in order to gain access to the resources created problems for manufacturers. The British and many other powerful European countries such as France, Germany, or Belgium were then tempted to find a solution in African countries. This is how the era of colonialism, or commonly called European Imperialism begun. According to the Oxford Dictionaries, imperialism is “a system in which one country controls other countries, often after defeating them in a war”. The effects of European imperialism on African countries are brutal.
Name Instructor Task Date ANCIENT SLAVERY IN THE COLONIAL SOUTH The various advancements in the world prompted nations to race for superiority. During this time, a nation’s level of superiority was determined by the amount of resources that it had. This was a period characterized by low level of technological advancement and development. There was no limit to accumulation of resources, which gave European nations sufficient reasons to transcend their boundaries and exploit areas they perceived to be endowed with invaluable resources. The penetration of the colonialist was not welcome by various indigenous communities who resorted to resistance to guard their resources.
After witnessing two thriving centers of capitalism, Nkrumah returned home with hopes of turning his homeland around. One thing that was occurring in Africa and not the United States was a process known as “balkanization”. The United States were strong because they realized that even a confederacy was not adequate to maintain a successful capitalist state. Africa was continually being exploited due to the many isolated governments that could be swayed by powerful foreign investors. One of the examples Nkrumah used was cocoa production.
Dead Aid: Why aid is not working and how there is a better way for Africa By Dambisa Moyo In the book Dead Aid, author Dambisa Moyo gives an indictment of the foreign aid industry, arguing that western aid to Africa has not only perpetuated poverty but also worsens it. She insists “You get the corruption—historically, leaders have stolen the money without penalty—and you get the dependency, which kills entrepreneurship. You also disenfranchise African citizens, because the government is beholden to foreign donors and not accountable to its people.” Much of "Dead Aid" outlines an agenda for Africa's economic development, such as expanding its trade and developing its banking sector -- that is, creating a reliable system of credit that will allow individuals to earn interest on their savings and businesses to receive the loans they need to grow. While criticizing outsiders for their misguided ideas, she does not ignore Africa's self-inflicted wounds. She notes there are steep obstacles to doing business there.
The success of any continent is largely dependent on its economic development (Suter 2006). It would seem that Africa, a continent rich in resources would be regarded as a very promising continent, much to the contrary, Africa has proved to be a continent showing very little potential. Its failure to thrive at a rapid rate could be attributed to a number of factors; one of which includes the failure of many African governments to handle their responsibilities both legal and political (Suter 2006). It is both the lack of democracy of many African governments and the existence of autocratic rulers , that have led to the downfall of these countries, as their intent was to increase their own wealth instead of acting in the interest of their country and people. These failed leaderships have often led to civil war, negatively impacting further on the economy of the country.
That in turn scares people because of the fact that someone might reveal that Caucasians believed that they were the superior race and the belief in "White Supremacy, African inferiority." In history Africans have been mistreated all through history, so I still think that white are dominating now but the minorities are taking over slowly but surely. This novel attacks reality from different points of view and in the process shows that Africans put up with the treatment because they think they lost the battle. It could have been used as a form of prevent discrimination
Typically, when one thinks of Great War, they think of extensive fighting in Europe but in reality the Great War had numerous battles in the colonized states where there were clashes between Triple Alliance and the Allies. Particularly, in Africa and in Ottoman empire where the clashes would lead to hundreds and thousands of fatal deaths and injuries. The Great War brought devastation and thousands of losses to both Ottomans and the Africans and caused a severe decline in economies but the Great War brought an end to Ottoman empire however Africa would still remain colonized. Furthermore, Since thousands of lives were constantly being lost so their was shortage of men so Great Britain and France brought soldiers from their colonies in Africa to fight for them in Europe. In addition, the war caused severe damage to economy since their were less men to work for in the fields and more Raw material was needed for the War.
However, the British did try to revive their African empire in the late 40’s and early 50’s but their sudden fall into a steep imperial decline with the Suez crises saw individuals like Macmillan to acknowledge that decolonisation was the only way forward, as it would be more beneficial for Britain to decolonise than to resist the rise of nationalism. However, was the road to decolonisation solely due to the British economic decline or did African nationalist such as Kwame Nkrumah drove the British out of Africa? When looking at the colonization of British Africa, Cecil Rhodes played a major part with his British South African Company. His “Cape to Cairo” dream envisioned British rule stretching from south to north. Through the whole of Africa bringing trade opportunities for the British South African Company with it and the only way he saw this was possible was to colonise this land.
During imperialism, Europeans went into Africa and stripped its land of its resources and this also changed the climate negatively. After stripping Africa of its resources the Europeans left, which left a political power vacuum making it easy for warlords and drug lords to take control. This is how Africa attracted issues like Rwanda and the problems in Somalia today. Africa is now stripped of natural resources which makes it difficult to create a normal lifestyle for inhabitants. Another barrier that does not allow Africa to develop into a prosperous continent is agricultural issues.
The main reason the British practiced imperialism in Africa was to bring forth Christianity and many European civilizations to African countries. Britain’s economy fed on trade, and they did not want the West Coast of Africa for its palm oil. They believed it was too unstable for good commerce without their control. Their main objective was to protect their high paying countries; India and the Caribbean. Since the slave trade in the 1830’s, Africa didn’t impress the British.