Potential Energy - Is the energy stored in an object due to its position in a force field or in a system due to its configuration. 4. Kinetic Energy - An object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion. 5. Friction - Is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.
The distance between the forces is given by the Coulombs law through the use of the formula F=kq1q2/r2.0.1newtons = 8.99*109*3.2*10-6*7.7*10-7/r2 R= 555.78 Answer to question 3 • Potential difference between the two plates is equal to velocity which is equal to 6.0*106m/s • Force = mass *acceleration = 1.4*10-13*6.0*106 = -8254 nektons The speed of the particles are computed by the formula V=ED. This is equal to 8.5*10-6*0.15. This is equal to 84.1 Answer to question 4 Voltage = current *resistance. This implies that in this case while V is 5.0 and resistance is 1.0*103, current will be equal to 5/1.0*103, = 500 amps B the direction of the conventional current provides the electric charge movement from the positive side of the battery to its negative side as in indicated in the diagram below Answer to question 5 • This section focuses on the equivalent resistance of a circuit. The equivalent resistance will be equal to (5.0*102+1.00*103)2.
Experiment 1: Pressure, Temperature, and Velocity Measurement Objective: The objective of this experiment is to determine the pressure and density of laboratory air, calibrate a pressure transducer and scannivalve, then determine the test section speed as a function of fan speed using three methods of velocity measurement. Equipment: Absolute pressure transducer, digital thermometer, pressure transducer (voltmeter), micromanometer, scannivalve, Pitot tube, low-speed wind tunnel. Part 1: Measurement of Atmospheric Pressure and Density 1. Read the barometer and wind-tunnel thermocouple. 2.
Description and Theories A. Principles and Theories Used to Obtain our Result An conventional spring, when subjected the weight (w=mg) of an object at one of its terminations, will displace a certain distance, x, with an equal and opposite force, F, being created in the spring of which opposes the pull of the weight. This conventional spring will become significantly distorted if it is subjected to a large enough weight and the force, F, will only be able to return the spring to its original configuration once the burden is removed. The force that will restore the spring to its original configuration is directly proportional to the displacement that occurred. The following equation represents this relationship where k denotes the spring constant or stiffness of the spring, F=-kx Since x symbolizes the displacement or change in the length of the spring the above equation can now be surmised in the following manner, F=mg=-k∆l This new form makes it evident that a linear proportion exists between the plot of F as function of changing in length, ∆, thus confirming the spring does in fact obey Hooke’s Law.
Friction Objectives: To provide an understanding of the concept of friction. To calculate the coefficient of friction of an object by two methods. Materials: Ramp board: 3 - 4 feet long, 10 cm wide Can of soft drink or item of similar weight Friction block set-PK Protractor Scale-Spring-500-g Tape measure, 3-m Lab notes: Using the wooden block provided in LabPaq, a long board, a can of beans and the 500-g spring scale I will try and determine the force of kinetic friction, N, and the force of static friction, N while pulling the block at a constant speed. I will convert kg-mass to Newtons by multiplying the kg-weight by 9.8 m/s2, i.e., 100 g = 0.1 kg = 0.1 x 9.8 = .98 N. Observations: Mass of block (with can): 3995 kg Weight: 3.91 N Data Table 1: Flat board Flat board Force of Kinetic Friction, N Force of Static Friction, N Trial 1 1.1 0.6 Trial 2 1 0.7 Trial 3 1 0.9 Average 1.03 0.73 Data table 2: Flat board - Block Sideways Mass of block (with can) 3995 kg Weight: 3.91 N Flat Board - Block sideways Force of Kinetic Friction, N Force of Static Friction, N Trial 1 1.3 1.4 Trial 2 1.1 1.5 Trial 3 1.1 1.1 Average 1.2 1.5 Data Table 3: Different surfaces Surfaces tried: Glass surface Force of Kinetic Friction, N Force of Static Friction, N Trial 1 0.4 0.1 Trial 2 0.4 0.1 Trial 3 0.4 0.2 Average 0.4 0.13 Data Table 4: Different Surfaces Surfaces tried: Sandpaper Force of Kinetic Friction, N Force of Static Friction, N Trial 1 2.2 1.5 Trial 2 2.1 1.7 Trial 3 2 1.1 Average 2.1 1.43 Data Table 5: Different Surfaces Surfaces tried: Wood on Carpet Force of Kinetic Friction, N Force of Static Friction, N Trial 1 1.4 1.9 Trial 2 1.5 1.6 Trial 3 1.5 1.7 Average 1.47 1.73 Data Table 6: Raised Board Height Base Length θ max μs Trial 1 .44196 m .71120 m 60 deg 0.62143 Trial 2
* Tape measure, 3 m * Mercury thermometer * Tuning fork, 384 Hz * Marker pencil * Block of wood C. Data Table 1: Tuning fork frequency (Hz) | Length, L Water level to top of the tube (m) | D= diameter of tube (m) | Wavelength=4(L+0.3d)(m) | Room temperature (degrees C) | 384 | 0.218 | 0.020 | 0.896 | 24 | D. Calculations A. In order to find the wavelength: Wavelength=4(L+0.3d) Next, plug in the values from Data Table 1 in to find the sound wavelength: Wavelength=4(0.218m +0.3*0.020m) Wavelength=4(0.218m+0.006m) Wavelength=4(0.224m) Wavelength=0.896 m In order to find the experimental value of v (speed of sound): V=f*wavelength (The value of f [frequency of the tuning fork] was found written on the side of the tuning fork.) v=384 Hz*.896m v=344.064 m/s In order to find actual speed of sound: (where Tc=room temperature in degrees Celsius) V speed of sound=331.4+0.6Tc m/s V speed of sound=331.4+0.6(24) m/s V speed of sound=345.8 m/s B. % error was found by using the following calculations: % error=(experimental value-theoretical value*100)/theoretical value % error= (344.064 m/s-345.8 m/s*100)/345.8 m/s % error=+-0.502% C. Consider the length of your resonance tube, what is the lowest frequency tuning fork you could use for this exercise? Show your calculations.