Cja 204 Week 5

1123 Words5 Pages
“Prison is defined as a state or federal confinement facility that has custodial authority over adults sentenced to confinement” (Schmalleger, 2009). After a person is arrested what facility could they be housed in? What are their chances of parole and what conditions must they keep? What chances do they have of running into violence and how can it be prevented? This paper will discuss four different types of prisons, the concept of prison as a total institution, it explains how jails play an important role in criminal justice, identifies some community based programs associated with jails and prisons, some violent behaviors of inmates and how they can be minimized, the concept of parole and the conditions that must be met, and the meaning of truth in sentencing. This paper provides information on four different prison systems: federal, state jails, and private correctional facilities. The paper starts out discussing federal prisons which are funded through the government to house inmates who commit felonies. The federal prisons consist of five different security levels: minimum, low, medium, high, or administrative. The security levels are based on presence of external patrol, towers, security barriers, or detection devices. Federal prisons are run by the “The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) provides services and programs to address inmate’s needs. The services are based on the characteristics and needs of the inmate population” (The Bureau of Prisons). The strategy is to enter inmates into educational classes, special technical training courses, and other activities that will help them develop back into a law abiding citizen. The second prison we talk about is state prisons. Each facility is ran differently do to state laws and regulations. Funding for state prisons comes from state taxes as well as conditional appropriations funded by the federal authorities.
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