How has |I really can’t explain how the prison life I can only describe what I have read about.| |prison life changed over time? Should |Prison is a penitentiary or correctional facility it’s a place where individuals are | |prisoner quality of life be a concern? |physically confined or detained and usually deprived of a range of personal freedoms. | | |Prisons are a conventionally institution which is a form of the criminal justice | | |system. Prison life today is granting inmates with freedom and limited rights.
| In the Criminal Justice system we have state and federal prison to put offenders.. The difference between state and federal is that the population is different. In that happens because it all depends on the conviction status, offense distribution and average length of stay. Federal prisoners are incarcerated because they committed a federal law and a state prisoner is behind bars for committing a state law. Now the biggest different is the time they will serve.
Prisons Prisons are institutions designed to securely house people who have been convicted of crimes. These people, these criminals are known as prisoners or inmates and they are housed for the time given in their sentence. The type of crime committed determines the length of the sentence the criminal will have to serve. Certain crimes such as murder can have a sentence as long as life in prison. People don’t just end up in prison, in order to be incarcerated a person needs to be accused of a crime.
A lot of research into institutional aggression has focused on aggressive behaviour in prisons, and has led to the development of two theories: the importation model and the deprivation model. Phychologists have proposed two majour explanations for aggresion between prioners and Prisons. Interpersonal factors (Importation model) and Situational factors (Deprivation Model). The importation model (Irwin and Cressey, 1962) This explanation focuses on the personality characteristics that prison inmates take into the prison with them. For example inmates with values, attitudes, experiences, and social
Are prisons working? Cross system goals of the Criminal Justice Systems: * Publicprotection * Justice and rule of law * Public order * Punishment Coursework questions: 1. What legislation act lays out how police powers should be enacted? 2. How long can the hold you in custody without charge?
Although there are various ways of describing jail facilities, such as: correctional center, detention facility, house of correction, and prison they all have common roles (Richard P. Seiter (2011)). Jails detain many types of offenders, including the following: inmates with short sentences, juveniles waiting to be transferred to juvenile corrections, people mentally ill and waiting to go to mental health facilities, people awaiting arraignment, trial, conviction, or sentencing, people who violate bail bond, parole, probation, inmates who are waiting to be transferred to federal, state, and people detain on behalf of the military, for protective custody, contempt’s, and for court witnesses (Richard P. Seiter (2011)). As of 2008, there were a total of 312 private jails and prisons operating in the United States (Richard P. Seiter (2011)). In 2008 the incarceration rate was extremely high; the local jails had a total of 785,556 inmates (Richard P. Seiter (2011)). The incarceration rate is determined by the number of people per 100,000 U.S. citizens who are incarcerated either in jail or prison.
Checkpoint Jails and Prisons Response When you look at the prison system today there is a large amount of facilities out there used to house inmates. The facility that the offender is placed in is determined by what they have done wrong or the nature of the crime that they committed and their mental status. The common four prisons that will be talked about are the federal prisons, state prisons, private prisons, and county and local jails. One of the big differences in the private prisons is they have contracted out by the government to provide facilities that will be like the state and federal prisons. These private facilities can free up space in the government institutions to help prevent over-crowding.
Custody Levels and Punishment The following information explains the different levels of custody and the punishments that go along with those levels. Many offenders are sentenced to serve varying amounts of time in jail or prison. Some facilities are under federal control, while some are under the control of the state in which they reside in. Jails are usually under the control of city or county they are in. The way any jail or prison is run can vary due to the type of inmates and the rules of the jurisdiction they happen to be in.
4.3 Compare how jail and prison inmates differ. 4.4 Analyze the evolution and perspectives of prison life. 4.5 Examine the extent and nature of prison violence. 4.6 Identify the needs of special, juvenile, mentally ill and substance abusing prisoners. 4.7 Evaluate alternatives to litigation.
Criminal justice agencies use electronic monitoring to keep track of offenders who are under house arrest, in pretrial release or on parole. Sometimes, electronic monitoring is used to monitor criminal’s movements within a prison or jail complex. Another use to electronic surveillance is monitoring sex offenders after they are release from prison. In July 2006 President Bush signed the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act. The act empowers the Justice Department to receive funds in order to help state and local governments provide sex offenders with electronic surveillance units.