Monotheistic is the adjective for the word monotheism. Monotheism is the belief in one god in a religion. Both religions have a lot in common, but both religions also have differences. Christianity and Islam have other similarities also. A similarity between Christianity and Islam is that Abraham is an important leader in both of their religion.
All these branches have many similarities and differences. In this essay I will be discussing the similarities and differences between Orthodox Judaisim and Reform Judaism. Othodox Judaism contains jews who believe that God gave Moses the Torah which included 613 commandments. People who follow Othodox Judaism follow the strict laws and ethics writeen in the Gaonim, Rishonim, and Achoronim. There are many beliefs in Orthodox Judaim such as the main belief that the Torah included written law and also Oral Torah, which was given to Moses from God and can in no way be altered.
Judaism and Christianity are linked to each other with a kinship that transcends all their differences. Christianity arose in the Jewish household of faith, and its basic teachings clearly reflect the influence of its family origin. The Jewish heroes of faith from Abraham through the prophets, are also deemed as the pioneers of Christian faith; the basic teachings of Judaism concerning God and man were adopted by Christianity into its own doctrinal structure. As we look at the Jewish and the Christian faiths, both of which trace their origins back past Abraham and Moses, to the original stories of Genesis and the Garden of Eden, we notice basic similarities and major differences between the two religions. This paper will attempt to highlight those similarities and differences, illustrating major points in each religion and contrasting them, in order to come to a higher understanding of each religion and their relationship to each other.
Christianity and Judaism’s similarities and differences are made up of important factors such as the set of religions’ modern day practices, beliefs based off of their early origins, and their political roles and place of power in the ancient world. Christianity and Judaism both share many, little social factors that clearly distinguish their differences and similarities. A social factor that shows differences between the two religions would be their form of worship services. They vary, for example Christians attend churches on Sundays, were the mass is led by a priest who reads prayers from the Holy Bible. As for the Jews, their holy days are from Friday p.m. - Saturday p.m. were they attend a worship service at a synagogue, which is led by Rabbis as opposed to the Christian’s priest.
Messianic Judaism Messianic Judaism is a religious faith movement that dates back to the early Christian movement. Most followers of Messianic Judaism regard themselves to be committed Jews, others are Gentiles; they believe that Yeshua of Nazareth (Jesus Christ) is the Jewish messiah spoken in the Old Testament. Messianic Jews believe in an Evangelical Christian theology, though they follow many of the Jewish laws. Most followers would call themselves Jews, but because they recognize the divinity of Yeshua and the Holy Trinity, they are followers of Christianity. The Ontario Consultants (2008) Web site, Messianic Jews believe in the Messiah, the trinity, salvation and sin; which differs greatly from traditional Jews that believe the Messiah has yet to come.
The Koran on the other hand teaches that only those who believe will be saved. “In the end, we deliver our messengers and those who believe: thus is it fitting on our part that we should deliver those who believe” (Koran10:103). The theme of salvation therefore has within its grasp the relativity of religious facts. This goes to show that with the parturition of various religions there is the derivative on which salvation is defined and executed, bearing in mind such relativity, the religion of Christianity and Islam shares similarities and differences in relation to their views or beliefs. The religion of Christianity began with the mission of Jesus Christ, over 2000 years ago in Judea, now contemporary Israel.
For if the inheritance comes from the law, it no longer comes from the promise; but God granted it to Abraham through the promise2 With the new covenant formed by the coming and death of Jesus, Gentiles are now allowed to be saved and be justified just as the Jews were. In verse 21 and following we see a more sarcastic side of Paul. He asks his audience if the law is opposed to God’s promises. He says
When talking about the roots of the Christian Zionist movement, Anderson places a great emphasis on the Bible. He says that the territory of Palestine (now Israel) is thought (by Jews and many Christians) to be a “promised land”. According to the Bible, Jews inhabited the land a long time ago, and God in a certain way “granted” that land to them; somehow, as time passed, many other peoples, including the Palestinians, were occupying the territory. Anderson even provides paragraphs from the Genesis, in which God promises the land to Abraham and his descendents. Biblical critics argue that the story, told in the Bible, should not be taken literally.
The Jews considered making and worshiping false idols was a sin. They also considered Jesus a false prophet. Christianity emerged from the region of Palestine as a religion that believed there was only one God as well. The religion developed from the life, teachings and death of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is said to be the founder of Christianity and the miracle son of God.
Islam vs. Christianity Christianity and Islam have many similarities and can easily be compared to one another. Both trace their roots to Abraham. Both believe in prophecy, God's messengers (apostles), revelation, scripture, the resurrection of dead, and the centrality of religious community. This last element is especially important. Both Christianity and Islam have a communitarian dimension: what the church is to Christianity the "umma" is to Islam.