Problem Which dissolves in water better, salt or baking soda? Hypothesis If salt and baking soda where put in water then baking soda will dissolve better than salt. Abstract The purpose of this project is to determine which material dissolves better in water between salt and baking soda. The hypothesis is If salt and baking soda where put in water then baking soda will dissolve better than salt. One teaspoon of salt and one teaspoon of baking soda were put in two separate transparent glasses of water and then the time of dissolving of each substance were calculated.
Calculate the concentration of grams of sodium stearate per milliliter of diluted solution. To do this, multiply the concentration of sodium stearate in the dishwashing liquid by the dilution of the solution (1.50 mL dishwashing liquid per 100 mL solution). Answer = 1.5 *10^-4 g/mL 4. Calculate the number of moles of sodium stearate in a single layer. To do this, first take the number of drops used to achieve the monolayer (1 drop) and convert it to mL using the calibrated number of drops per mL.
Quality Control for Athenium Baking Soda Company Introduction In this experiment, we will be using thermal gravimetric analysis (experiment 4) and HCL titration (experiment 12) to determine the percentage of NaHCO3 (baking soda) in the sample given. We will also be using emission analysis for group IA and IIA salts (experiment 10) to determine the impurities present. The purpose of this experiment is to determine the purity of a sample of baking soda given us by the Athenium Baking Soda Company. We will First determine the percentage of baking soda and then determine whether it contains particulates of CaCl2, LiCl, of KCl for the purpose of seeing whether it is pure and useable or not (the quality of the baking soda). We are performing the experiment to gain our spots on the team of quality control for the Athenium Baking Soda Company.
AP Chemistry P2 Experiment 2: Formula of a Hydrate 9/24/2013 Purpose: Calculate the percent composition of water in a hydrate and determine the empirical formula of the hydrate. Procedure: 1) Set up ring stand with ring clamp, clay triangle, crucible with lid, and burner. Adjust the height of the ring stand. 2) Dehydrating Procedures: 3. Measure approximately 1 g of Copper(II) Sulfate Hydrate into the crucible and crucible and lid.
Quality Control for the Athenium Baking Soda Company A Self-Directed Experiment 16 April 2012 INTRODUCTION The Athenium Baking Soda Company has begun producing baking soda (sodium bicarbonate, or sodium hydrogen carbonate). NH4HCO3 + NaCl ==> NaHCO3 + NH4Cl Due to the high concentration of the brine solution that is used to generate the product, contaminants are often present in the finished product as chloride compounds. The contaminants may be detected when the finished baking soda product is dried and filtered. PURPOSE: In this experiment, we will be employing quality control by analyzing the composition and purity of the contaminated baking soda samples. To perform this experiment, we will utilize emission spectra, titrations, and thermal gravimetric analysis, using knowledge from Experiments 10, 4, Titrations of Na2CO3 and NAHCO3 by HCl (hydrochloric acid) will be performed to determine the concentration of HCl, as well as the number of moles of HCl present within the sample of baking soda.
Quality Control for the Athenium Baking Soda Company April 16, 2012 Introduction: In a sample of baking soda, determine the percent by mass of NaHCO3. Also, determine if any chemical impurities are present, the chemical nature of the impurities, and the quantity of each present. Baking soda, also known as sodium hydrogen carbonate or sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), is a naturally occurring compound with a wide range of uses. The diverse uses of baking soda include its presence in cleaning products, human food and beverages, animal food, and food processing, pharmaceuticals, chemical and industrial processes, water treatment, fire extinguishers, and more (chemicalland21). Because baking soda is a natural compound, using it in these products can replace potentially environmentally harmful products.
The term has now fallen out of common usage. History The ancient Egyptians used natural deposits of natron, a mixture consisting mostly of sodium carbonate decahydrate, and sodium bicarbonate. The natron was used as a cleansing agent like soap. In 1791, a French chemist, Nicolas Leblanc, produced sodium carbonate, also known as soda ash. In 1846, two New York bakers, John Dwight and Austin Church, established the first factory to develop baking soda from sodium carbonate and carbon dioxide.
In order to ensure quality control for the Athenium Baking Soda Company’s product, we will select three methods of experimentation to determine the purity of its baking soda, as well as its composition. The first experimental procedure to take place will be a thermal gravimetric analysis, which will help determine the percent composition of sodium bicarbonate of a sample of the company’s baking soda. In this experiment, a known mass of a sample of the company’s baking soda will be added to a crucible and heated until it decomposes into solid sodium carbonate, gaseous carbon dioxide, and gaseous water, as shown in the following equation: 2NaHCO3(s) Na2CO3(s) + CO2(g) + H2O(g) After a reheating of the crucible to ensure accuracy, the stoichiometric ratio for the mass loss of CO2 and H2O per gram of NaHCO3 will be determined, along with the total mass of CO2 and H2O lost upon heating. These will be used in order to determine 3 the mass of NaHCO3 present in the sample. Finally, using the collected data, the percent by mass of NaHCO3 in the company’s
TITRATION OF AN ACID (A PREPARED STANDARD SOLUTION OF KH₅O₄C₈) AGAINST A BASE (NAOH) USING PHENOLPHTHALEIN AS AN INDICATOR BY GRACE The aim of this experiment is to prepare a standard solution of potassium hydrogen phthalate (KH₅O₄C₈) and then use it to calculate the concentration of sodium hydroxide by titrating the acid (KH₅O₄C₈) against the base (NaOH). Before the whole experiment could take place, some apparatus were needed which included the following; A weighing balance, burette, pipette, a conical flask, clamp and then the setup was as below; THEORY To calculate for the moles of KH₅O₄C₈, I used n (mol) =m (g)/M (gmol⁻ⁱ (JOHN GREEN AND SADRU DAMJI, PG 6 OF CHAPTER 1.THIRD EDITION). Whereby m=mass of the acid, M=molar mass of the acid and n=number of moles. Molar mass of KH₅O₄C₈ is 204.1g/mol and its mass is 1g Therefore=1g/204.1gmol⁻ⁱ n=0.0048996mol Further more, to calculate for the concentration of the acid, I used C(moldm⁻3.) =n (mol)/v (dm3) Whereby c=concentration, n=number of moles and v=volume used.
When baking soda is combined with moisture and an acidic ingredient, the resulting chemical reaction produces bubbles of carbon dioxide that expand under oven temperatures, causing baked goods to rise. Baking powder contains sodium bicarbonate, but it includes the acidifying agent already (cream of tartar), and also a drying agent (usually starch). The ultimate goal is to produce a tasty product with a pleasing texture. Baking soda is basic and will yield a bitter taste unless countered by the acidity of another ingredient, such as buttermilk. Cookie recipes typically include baking