To the Chinese, being civilized was cultural, not biological or racial. One may be given many definitions of the word civilization, some varying quite drastically causing confusion amongst people. After reading three separate articles, I have deduced a common denominator among the different meanings of the word. Civilization generally refers to societies that have the aptitude to advance themselves politically, economically, socially, and technologically. Although this is the most common definition, civilizations can and do exist on other levels.
Cultural Harmony The characteristic of harmony that Indian and Chinese Cultures achieved thousand of years ago made a great impact on the other countries of the world. As China and India are neighbouring nations, the quality of harmonization had a particular influence on the masses of the two countries. It can be noticed in the lives of the people living in the North-Western regions of India and of those living in the border areas of China. The Indo-Chinese relationship was established long ago in the ancient times, on the basis of the quality of harmony present in both the cultures. As consequence of the profoundness of these cultural ties, hundred of Chinese scholars were the student of the famous Nalanda University much before the advent of Christ.
China has been renowned for their ability to have kept some of the best records of it history, which can date all the way back to the 1500 B.C, from the Shang Dynasty. (Liangyue et al., 1987/1999). During the earliest times of Chinese medicine, they even tried to keep records of their work by engraving on bones and turtle shells using their hieroglyphs of acupuncture and moxibustion. During the Shang Dynasty (1776-1122 B.C) The development of the philosophy’s such as yin and yang and the five elements were developed during this time. Also, the physicians of this era had a good amount of understanding on the “pulse, blood, body fluid, qi, shen, essence, five sounds, five colors, five flavors, six qi, eight winds, etc., as well as the ideology
Stability and order is important for any country, especially in China. The historical institutional lessons made Chinese government more focus on the order and stability. stability is the sentiment of people, it representing the acceptance of what is being proposed. Order and stability are the pillar components to support the government, without order and stability, the government will collapse obvious. Deng Xiaoping(Deng) claimed that stability is the fundamental of any development in China.
In China’s history, there have been a number of philosophies that have had a major effect on the Chinese people. Some philosophies worked and some, as the Chinese found out, didn’t. All of these schools of thought had one thing in common and that is they all tried to set up a guide to the way the people should be. These philosophies are not only helpful in running a country, but could also be helpful in possibly running and setting guidelines in a high school. Of these five philosophies, in my opinion, Daoism, would work the best for Sheboygan’s North High School.
The development of collectivism in China One of the most important values in Chinese culture is collectivism. Collectivism is a term that’s used to describe a certain idea that the group interests are more important than personal interests. It is one of the most important values in Chinese culture because Chinese are proud of being people who can “take one for the team”. Also, collectivism played very important roles in many different time periods in China. For example, there was no way ancient Chinese could have survived without really believe in collectivism and being cooperative with others.
the understanding of ethnicity as an essence that remains unchanged over time. Liberal nationalism is a kind of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in a non-xenophobic form of nationalism compatible with liberal values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual right. Cultural nationalism is the medium between the two branches on the spectrum of nationalism, cultural nationalism to some extent is tolerant to other cultures and freedom of traditional cultural practises however it also highlights the importance of retention of cultural traditions of the ethnicity that are viewed as the dominant culture in the region. Chinese nationalism is one example of cultural nationalism, partly because of the many national minorities in China. (The 'Chinese nationalists' include those in Taiwan who reject the mainland Chinese government but claim the mainland Chinese state).
Traditional Chinese medicine is much similar to that of massage, but over time there has been more research done and more development to improve different treatments. Medicine today
Discarding knowledge basically means that knowledge might be replaced by another. It could happen if there exist a new knowledge in which there are less counters and reasoning are more acceptable. Also, it could happen if old knowledge was proved to be away from truth, though, it might be hard to determine whether the “truth” is a real truth. Historians might have different opinions on knowledge about the same event based on their different nationalities, religions and even gender. Using the Long March as an example, elder Chinese historians mostly agree that the Long March is a demonstration of the success of the Chinese Army.
This makes it difficult to know for certain what exactly what went wrong and why. Any analysis requires reliance on speculation and raises as many, if not more, questions than it answers. It is still worth looking into because it shows some important points that other companies can learn from. Background Caterpillar has had difficulty establishing a position in China comparable to its position in the rest of the world. In order to grow its operations China, Caterpillar decided to take a route that has proven successful for many MNCs operating in the PRC and use M&A rather than build things from scratch.