Point #2: Tariffs protect American jobs and wages. (Points: 13) I find this position to be valid. Protective tariffs are designed to raise the retail price of imported products so that domestic goods are more competitively priced (Nickels, McHugh & McHugh, 2008, p. 76). Therefore, if products are competitively priced then the consumer will be more likely to purchase domestic products instead of imports. Since consumers will be more likely to support American vendors, this will keep the American businesses running and not force them to cut costs to compete with imports.
Britain also established companies in India and Africa. Due to the trade between the colonies via the companies, Britain started to generate a large consistent income. Mercantilist policies were introduced shortly after 1680. A factor that led to Britain gaining its reputation and wealth were that it established a strong connection with its merchants. The merchants were happy to trade with Britain as a policy of Britain was to protect its clients.
Roosevelt Corollary rescues Nicaragua and The entire Latin America!! The Roosevelt Corollary stated that the United States would pay off the debts of Latin American countries in order to keep Europe out. --Elena Cerda The Roosevelt Corollary was a document added to the Monroe Doctrine in 1904 and stated that European powers could not interfere with Americas problems and they couldn’t try to colonize, while the United States could not interfere with any European colonies and problems with in European countries. The Roosevelt Corollary was passed to allow US intervention, and this helped end European influence in the Americas. Many European countries were pleased by this document because it helped deal with the economic problems in Latin America and Caribbean and stopped the need for European help.
John Hobson, an English economist, saw imperialism as inevitable, for powers of production outpace consumption resulting in more profit for the mother country (doc 2). The United States was involved in imperialism due to the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, which made the western hemisphere an American protectorate and their victory in the Spanish-American War making them a Pacific power. Both Europe and America believed imperialism could bring them economic power and capacity. Imperialism was not strictly confined to economics; it also included the political aims of unique states. John Hobson deemed demand for foreign markets for manufacturers and investments was responsible for the adoption of Imperialism as a political policy (doc 2).
The birth of middle classes created a domestic market for luxury goods, which in turn boosted the economy. Further capital was generated by entrepreneurs. Also, the speed of British society changing was in relation to the happenings in Europe, such as the occurrence of wars. Britain's period of empire meant she could gain further raw materials - through external factors such as colonial Britain. Consequently, this encouraged demand from abroad and wide areas of new trade opened up for Britain to enter.
Britain Becomes a Global Power * Location placed England in a position to control trade * England offered a climate favorable to business and commerce and put fewer restrictions on trade then some of its neighbors * Britain was generally on the winning side in European conflicts * The British monopolized the slave trade in Spanish America, which brought enormous wealth to British merchants * England’s territory expanded closer to home In 1760, George III began a 60-year reign- born in England- eager to recover the powers the crown had lost; reassert royal power; wanted to end Whig domination; with the help of Parliament and his “Parliament friends” he began to assert his leadership The Colonies in the Mid-1700s A
Many intellectuals during the Enlightenment explored new ideas in political economy; Adam Smith in his 1776 An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations was one of the most influential figures for the Americans. Smith admitted the mercantile system worked, yet criticized its principles. Expounding a doctrine of individualism, Smith was one of many voices stating that the economy, like the individual, should be free from detailed regulation from the state. Economic, as well as individual, self-interest and its outcome in the market should be allowed to function without state regulation. Although it was indeed approved by the First Continental Congress, the practice of mercantilism was replaced with a Smith-oriented form of liberalism in post-Revolutionary
American Imperialism in the 19th Century Jennifer Walters HIS 204 Keith Carr September 13, 2010 The American Imperialism policy was adopted because of the need to keep up with other foreign countries. Much like the term “keeping up with the Jones”, there was a desire to have a stronger hold on the foreign trade and not so much to expand American territory, but to where America can place their toes without permission. With the advancement of transportation and communication, the desire to expand and the need for American foreign trades increased. Some of the reasons America tried to rationalize imperialism were the need to reduce import costs for farmers and factory workers, increase exports, racial control to dominate over the lesser
Also the rise of the British Empire meant that they had very much influenced the world through colonization of countries they invaded. This allowed British culture (e.g. language) to spread widely, allowing them to control the countries actions. This gave the British Empire significant political power because they had territory of much of the world's land. Also they gained economic power because the colonies which were part of the British Empire had sources of cheap raw materials, which were manufactured in Britain and sold on again, thus increasing trade, leading to increased GDP.