Can Ellen be said to be suffering from a major depressive disorder? |Yes, according to the symptoms Ellen is suffering from she very well could be suffering from a major depressive disorder. Her | |thoughts of suicide are a major indication, as well as her loss of appetite and her irregular sleep patterns. | 1c. Explain and defend your diagnoses or lack thereof.
According to www.justgreatadvice.com, a mixed episode is being both happy and sad, up and down, all at the same time. Generally, this translates into the patient being very depressed emotionally, but displaying symptoms of mania such as inability to concentrate and lack of sleep. The other main type of bipolar disorder is bipolar type II. Bipolar type II is depressive episodes shifting back and forth with hypomanic episodes, but no full-blown manic or mixed episodes. I like to think that a person that has bipolar type II is always “in between” highs and lows or back and forth.
Depressive disorders, which include major depressive disorder (unipolar depression), dysthymic disorder (chronic, mild depression), and bipolar disorder (manic-depression), can have far reaching effects on the functioning and adjustment of young people. Among both children and adolescents, depressive disorders confer an increased risk for illness and interpersonal and psychosocial difficulties that persist long after the depressive episode is resolved; in adolescents there is also an increased risk for substance abuse and suicidal behavior 1,2,3. Unfortunately, these disorders often go unrecognized by families and physicians alike. Signs of depressive disorders in young people often are viewed as normal mood swings typical of a particular developmental
Symptoms and problems of PTSD PTSD is a popular anxiety disorder. This is where people who encounter a very traumatic experience, does not recover. The disorder is triggered after traumatic events such as violent personal assaults such as mugging or rape, or to family, natural disasters such as earthquakes, accidents such as car crashes, human disasters such as 9/11 and after military combat such as the soldiers who fought in WWII. According to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders – 4th Edition (DSM-IV) (American Psychiatric Association, 1994), there are three broad clusters of symptoms that are important in making a diagnosis of PTSD. First, the traumatized individual must re-experience the event in various intrusive and distressing ways, such as nightmares.
Understand Mental Health Problems CMH 302 Know the main forms of Mental ill health The main forms of mental ill health can include clinical depression whereby the main signs and symptoms of this may include: * An unusually sad mood that does not go away * Loss of enjoyment and interest in activities that used to be enjoyable * Lack of energy and tiredness * Loss of confidence in themselves or poor self-esteem * Feeling guilt when they are not at fault * Wishing they were dead * Difficulty in concentrating or making decisions * Having difficulity in sleeping or sleeping to much Bipolar is a specific type of depression this is where a person may have an episode of depression followed by an episode of mania. Mania is the opposite of depression. A person experiencing mania may be: * overconfident and full of ideas * be very talkative * find it difficult in sticking to one subject when they are talking * be full of ideas * have less need for sleep * take risks they normally wouldn't Anxiety disorders differ from day to day anxiety as they are more severe, it is long-lasting and it interferes with the persons work or relationships. Some specific types of anxiety disorders can include: * Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) The main symptom of this is overwhelming anxiety and worry, commonly about things that may go wrong or a persons inability to control a situation, even when there are no signs of trouble. Physical symptoms of GAD include a fast or pounding heart, headaches and inability to relax.
[pic] Schizophrenia, severe mental disorder characterised by a profound disruption of cognition and emotion, which affects a person’s language, thought, perception, affect and even sense of self. In most countries across the world, the lifetime risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia is 1 per cent. There is a distinction between acute and chronic onset schizophrenia. In chronic onset, there is often an insidious change in an apparently normal young person who gradually loses drive and motivation and starts to drift away from friends. After months or even years of this deterioration, more obvious signs of disturbance such as delusional ideas or hallucinations, appear.
Symptoms usually include little concern for the rights of others and carelessness for what is going on around you. Bipolar disorder is a condition in which a person has periods of depression and periods of being extremely happy or being cross or irritable. They may also have distortions of perception and impairment in social functioning. Depressive disorder is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for weeks or even longer. This is similar to bipolar disorder in the fact that you have mood swings of sadness versus happiness in random periods of time for large amounts of time.
Over the course of understanding, cognitivebehavioral techniques may transform the suicide crisis and develop problem-solving skills and alternative solutions. Look for self-denigration, overgeneralization, catastrophic and/or black-or-white thinking, and other cognitive distortions. (Strategies) & Questions: a. (Normalize): When someone feels very upset, they may have thoughts that life just isn’t worth living. Have you had such…?
Intrusive memories can include flashbacks, or reliving the traumatic event for minutes or even days at a time as well as upsetting dreams about the traumatic event. Symptoms of avoidance and emotional numbing involve trying to avoid thinking or talking about the traumatic event, feeling emotionally numb, avoiding activities you once enjoyed, hopelessness about the future, memory problems, trouble concentrating, and difficulty maintaining close relationships. Often, a person with PTSD will change their entire outlook on life after a traumatic event. The symptoms of their PTSD will cause them to reevaluate their life, and often cause them to make irrational decisions based on fear of such an event occurring
Traub (2009) discusses the reliability of Dissociative Identity Disorder identification and categorization. Many believe that the DID is a symptom after a traumatic event, he states that “… the disorder is a defensive response that results naturally from continuous and tremendous childhood trauma, particularly from physical and sexual abuse” (Traub, 2009, p. 348). He talks about different sections, addressing whether Dissociative Identity Disorders are reliable diagnosis.. In the category of childhood trauma, Traub (2009) talks about how many psychiatrists believe the cause of many of the DID cases are due to trauma when they were children, especially in those that deal with an accumulation of traumatic events. People that advocates for DID states that it is necessary for childhood trauma to be predecessor and cause of this particular disorder.