Women in Patriarchal Religions…Where do WE fit? An Essay about the oppressions perpetuated by patriarchy and religion. In discussing women’s issues and history with oppression and religion, it is important to analyze and discuss the influence and impact of patriarchy. In many nations, patriarchal religion is the primary type of religion, with males leading and often benefiting from practices. Cultural and social beliefs saturate faiths and work to oppress female followers, and certain religious practices keep many women from fulfilling their potential or from living with privileges that other women may have.
The role that women play in Church has always been a misunderstood and heavily scrutinized issue within the church. These negative thoughts may be attributed to the bible’s own scriptures in regards to women. It is widely believed that men are natural born leaders, as that is the way God made them, but modern society has shown us that women can be just as successful in leading, if not more so. Today women serve as positive leaders in politics, business, law and even in some churches as of lately. So why then, do many churches refuse women the right to serve as leaders?
Firstly, from the point of view of the Roman Catholic Church I belong to, the main reason women cannot be consecrated is that Jesus himself chose twelve male apostles. There were many women available that he could have chosen, but he only chose twelve males. That is why from the early Christian church to the present time, the priestly function has only been performed by men. If allowed, women ordination would be something inconsistent with the Christian tradition and heritage, and would therefore disturb the natural order of things. Secondly, some theologians claim that the whole unwillingness to female priests is caused by the so called “Representation of Christ”.
Assess the veiw that woman are no longer opressed by religion When it comes to woman and religion there are many arguments that suggest woman are opressed and then many that say woman arent being opressed. Feminist are the main people who suggest woman are being opressed when it comes to religion. Feminist see relgion as patriachal ideology, which is where the men are in power and use religion as a way to get there ideas across. so for example they say man is made in gods image. So this patriachal ideology legitamates gender inequality where woman are concerned as women can not become higher leader in the church the highest women can go is to become a vicar.
Critically examine the relationship between gender, religious participation and religious organisations. (40) Many feminist sociologists argue that religious institutions and beliefs help legitimise gender inequality. Like Marxists, feminists argue that religion is a source of domination and oppression. However, unlike Marxism, they see religion as a product of patriarchy, rather than capitalism. They argue that religion is patriarchal in that women are exploited by men and seen as subordinate.
In some nationalist movements gender roles were used as symbols in maintaining tradition and cultural identity. The status and treatment of women became a big part of nationalism. Some regimes banned vailing as to Westernize in order to keep Iran independent. This included Kemal Ataturk and the Shah of Iran. Although some women were glad to ban the veil, others felt religiously disrespected since it was their own way to publically display their faith.
Gender Roles in Religion Gender roles in Christianity can vary considerably today, as they have during the last two millennia. This is especially true with regards to marriage and ministry. Certain Christian traditions ascribe different roles to men and women in certain aspects of church life—as for example in the Catholic and Orthodox churches, where men may serve as priests and women may serve as nuns or sisters, and where women may hold senior positions such as abbess, but not bishop, patriarch or pope. While various conservative Protestant denominations also hold that only men can be ordained as clergy, ordination of women is becoming increasingly common in some Protestant churches. Women have led denominations such as the Salvation Army.
Trible also survey three main approaches to the study of women in Scripture. Though her perspectives may also apply to “intertestamental” and New Testament literature, her main focus is the Hebrew Scriptures (Trible 116). Trible starts off by explaining when Feminists first examined the Bible, special stress laid upon documenting the case against women. She claims that a girl in a family is less desirable in the eyes of her parents than a male child; a girl stays close to her mother, but the father controls her life until he renounce her to another man for marriage. Then the male would have the authority to permit her to be mistreated, even abused, and she has to submit without recourse.
It was assumed that True Womanhood would be naturally adopted because of women’s deeper religious connections and because of her purity. These were two qualities that men were not assumed to have possessed naturally. Christian Motherhood was a part of the fuel behind the propaganda of True Womanhood. Protestant leaders made women the leaders in cleansing of society from evil. Men were seen deviating from religious values and it was up to the women’s “purifying passionless love”(barbera Welter) to salvage the men’s relationship with God.
Women had to adopt the prejudiced values of society while men are expected to be an example of machismo in their daily lives. The discussion allowed me to further understand the role of the characters and the role of society. The society is one of tradition. The role of gender and religion link with each other: Catholicism is present which links into being pure and which then also brings up a very strong image of the Virgin Mary. Women have involuntarily accepted themselves as the weaker sex, and conform to what is expected from society of them rather than what they desire from themselves.