Ap Biology Key Terms

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1. James Watson: Co-discoverer of the structure of DNA in 1953. Francis Crick: Co-discoverer of the structure of DNA in 1953. Jan Ingenhousz: Showed that light is essential to photosynthesis and discovered photosynthesis. He also discovered that plants have cellular respiration. Joseph Priestly: Credited with the discovery of plants producing Oxygen. Jan van Helmont: Considered to be the founder of pneumatic chemistry. He introduced the word “gas” to the vocabulary of scientists. Robert Hooke: He discovered the Law of Elasticity and created the microscope. Anton van Leeuwenhoek: One of the first people to discover cells. He is also known for his improvements to the microscope. Mathias Schleiden: He was a co-founder of the cell theory…show more content…
Lynn Margulis: She is best known for her theory on the origin of eukaryotic organelles and her contributions to the endosymbiotic theory. Francesco Redi: Improved the study of spontaneous generation. John Needham: Improved the study of spontaneous generation. Lazzaro Spallanzani: Made important contributions to the experimental study of bodily functions, animal reproduction, and discovered echolocation. Louis Pasteur: Remembered for his breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. He also created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. Gregor Mendel: Founder of the science of genetics. Charles Darwin: He established that all species of life descended from common ancestors and proposed the scientific theory that evolution resulted from natural selection. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: He was an early proponent of the idea that evolution occurred in accordance with natural laws. 2. Virus: A small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of organisms. An example of a virus would be smallpox. Bacteria: They are a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms, and are usually a few micrometers in
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