Locke believed the power of the government came from the people and if the people are not happy with government actions then they have every right to overthrow the government. Locke believed people could survive in a natural state with no government but if the people like the government it can exist to benefit them. . (Locke, Chap. 4 Pg.
This means it exercises absolute and unrestricted power whilst being funded by the public, furthermore all its decisions are binding on the citizens and it can use coercive power to make sure its laws are obeyed and people who do disobey the laws are punished. One interpretation of the state with says that coercion is an essential characteristic of the state is totalitarian states. This interpretation of the state argues for a state with all embracing control spreading throughout all aspects of an individual’s life. The state would control the economy, education, culture, religion and family life. There would be surveillance and terroristic policing to control people’s lives.
This is leads to a revolution as now the people are able to elect the government they think will be best for them and Germany. Moreover the Spartacist revolt in January 10th of 1919 which aim was to overthrow the Current Government and turn Germany into a Communist country. They have failed to
Paine used Common Sense as a great tool to let the commoners and less educated to gain some insight on the role and purpose of government. Firstly, Paine makes a distinction between government and society. Paine states: “Society is everything constructive and good that people join together to accomplish. Government, on the other hand, is an institution whose sole purpose is to protect us from our own vices. Government has its origins in the evil of man and is therefore a necessary evil at best.” He goes on to say that “government's sole purpose is to protect life, liberty and property, and that a government should be judged solely on the basis of the extent to which it accomplishes this goal.” Basically, Paine is stating to the common people that they have the opportunity to form their own representation of government and do it in a way that truly represents their wants and needs.
Hobbes idea that “people orbiting their ruler” leads me to the idea of socialism/communism (Sayre, 2012). His belief in the social contract theory led him to believe humans should be controlled by fear, and that they should willingly submit to governance. His thoughts on how people giving up their freedom, and submitting to their ruler seems a lot like slavery. He believed humans were servants to their ruler, and if they followed and obeyed the ruler they would have peace. John Locke would respond to Hobbes ideas on government by stating that humans were capable of governing themselves (Sayre, 2012).
Adam Susan is the leader of the whole country. In America, we have three branches of checks & balances (Judicial, Executive, & Legislative) and power to the people. The branches show separation in power and limit each other. The important thing that America has is the power to the people. If the government does something we dislike, we have to power to protest and change their decision.
This is used to produce fear in the comrades under the control of the Party in order to ensure the ultimate compliance from these comrades. The presence of the “Big Brother” poster in one of Winston’s primary introductory descriptions as well as the accompanying caption, “Big Brother is watching you ”, beneath the eyes that follow individuals around are examples of this technique of surveillance. The “Big Brother” poster’s omnipresence in society emphasises the Party’s control over its citizens’ lives. The concept of having to monitor one’s own thoughts and actions as a result of being monitored by someone else also highlights this method of surveillance. The existence of the “telescreen” throughout the comrades’ homes also represents the surveillance under which the Party places its society.
Totalitarianism from Total Domination In the essay “Total Domination,” written by Hannah Arendt; she discusses Nazism in the form totalitarianism as “True Terror”. If not for the survivors of the cruel brutality of totalitarian states, it would almost be impossible to believe it ever happened. What is Totalitarianism? Totalitarianism is a form of government in our political system, which gives absolute power to one ruler (dictator) who cannot be restricted by any type of constitution or law. The rise of totalitarianism governments started before WWII, but after the Great Depression when fascism became an ideology of society.
One of the first ideas that becomes very clear when reading 1984 is the controlling government that easily resembles a totalitarian style society similar to those in the mid-twentieth century. One example is Big Brother, who is a supposed omnipotent figure who also limits and controls society the way he wants it to be. While Big Brother is more a title than anything else, his name puts fear in the people of Oceania similar to the way the names of Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, and Mao Zedong put fear in the people of the world ("1984."). These men were also powerful dictators who used their powers to force their wants on the people, much in the same way as Big Brother. By creating this comparison between Big Brother and the totalitarian leaders, Orwell shows what a society could become with a long-term totalitarian leader: a place with no freedom, yet with people who believe they are free, shown by the Party slogan “Freedom is Slavery” (Orwell 4).
In the first source, a quote from Edmund Burke, he is articulating his ideology on how government officials should represent constituents in a democracy. Edmund Burke was the founder of classical conservatism, which fundamental values are based on an elitist hierarchy, limited freedom, and equality before the law (Rule of Law). He is expressing one of the elemental points of classical conservatism, the unhindered action of the upper class. The reasoning for the government being constructed this way is due to the idea that lower classes were lacking in material and monetary wealth, as well as education. In classical conservatism, the upper class, or elitists, were in power, not the entire society.