Discussion Of Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense”

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American National Government Discussion of Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” “Common sense is a genius dressed in its working clothes” Ralph Waldo Emerson Emerson’s quote is a great example of what Thomas Paine was trying to do with his famous work Common Sense. The plain language used by Paine spoke to the common people of America and was the first published record openly asking for independence from Great Britain. There were several key points Paine was trying to express to the common people. The most important of them are: the sole purpose of the government, the notions of monarchy and hereditary succession, and the reasons for America’s independence. Paine used Common Sense as a great tool to let the commoners and less educated to gain some insight on the role and purpose of government. Firstly, Paine makes a distinction between government and society. Paine states: “Society is everything constructive and good that people join together to accomplish. Government, on the other hand, is an institution whose sole purpose is to protect us from our own vices. Government has its origins in the evil of man and is therefore a necessary evil at best.” He goes on to say that “government's sole purpose is to protect life, liberty and property, and that a government should be judged solely on the basis of the extent to which it accomplishes this goal.” Basically, Paine is stating to the common people that they have the opportunity to form their own representation of government and do it in a way that truly represents their wants and needs. He is also knocking the form of government the British have and elaborating on why they need to separate due to their own needs for America. Paine would later go into more depth of the style of government Great Britain rules with. The second and perhaps most important key point Paine was trying to explain was the Monarchy rule

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