Anemia Case Study

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Anemia Case Study Alice Caraballo Grand Canyon University Pathophysiology NRS 410V Kelly Davis August 11, 2015 Anemia Case Study Iron deficiency anemia (IDA), is a frequently seen condition, in which there is a decline in iron concentration in the blood and hemoglobin levels. IDA is triggered by insufficient consumption of iron, insufficient storing of iron, extreme iron loss, or some mixture of these situations. The red blood cells (RBCs), that develop whitish (hypochromic) and tiny (microcytic), with diminished capability to carry oxygen in adequate amounts to sustain body requirements. Anemia is described as a decline in flowing RBC mass; the typical assessment of women would reveal a hemoglobin level lower than 12 g/dL (Copstead-Kirkhorn, 2010). Anemia is associated with chronic fatigue, impaired cognitive function, and diminished well-being. This type of anemia is seen very often in women and people that have a poor diet low in iron, women with heavy menstrual cycle, pregnant or after recent births, breast feeding, its seen in individuals that had recent major surgery, GI disease, peptic ulcers, gastric bypass patients, Crone’s disease and vegetarians and individuals with poor iron-rich intake (Jimenez, Dabsch & Gasche, 2015).. Ms. A should be admitted to the hospital for couple days, placed on oxygen therapy, type and cross for identifying the blood type she needs, obtain IV access with a large bore catheter for possible RBC transfusion, normal saline for fluid resuscitation and iron injections or IV iron therapy could be ordered by the physician. Repeated laboratory testing should be done post transfusion and periodically while in the hospital. Also knowing that Ms. A takes large dosages of aspirin, continued monitoring for any active bleeding internally, imaging testing (abdominal ultrasound, CT scan), occult blood should be done and also

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