What is causing Ms. Jones’s kidney disease? There are three main causes; drop in blood flow to kidneys, damage from medicines, or sudden blockage that stops urine flow. I will have to say the blockage that is stopping her urine flow is causing the kidney disease. 4. What are possible treatment options, and what is the prognosis?
Mrs. Anderson is asymptomatic when she is allowed to drink massive volumes of water. She has been recently moved to a supervised care facility where her water intake has been drastically limited. Upon physical exam Mrs. Anderson’s skin is wrinkled, shows dry mucous membranes, disorientation, lethargy and confusion. Mrs. Anderson’s vital signs included a blood pressure of 70/55, heart rate of 124 beats per minute. Her blood plasma osmolality is 380mOsm/kg, sodium of 152 mEq/L, BUN of 36mg/dL, creatinine of 2.1mg/dL and a lithium level of 1.9mEq/L.
C) It is a fatal disorder unless renal replacement therapy is received. CORRECT CKD is fatal unless some form of renal replacement therapy (dialysis or organ transplant) is done, whereas acute renal failure has a good prognosis for the return of kidney function if appropriate supportive care is provided during the acute period. D) There are frequent exacerbations since half of all nephrons are damaged. INCORRECT Half of all nephrons are often damaged in acute renal failure. In CKD, about 90% of nephrons are typically involved.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive Heart Failure or CHF is a severe circulatory congestion due to decreased myocardial contractility, which results in the heart’s inability to pump sufficient blood to meet the body’s needs. In general, causes can be classified according to the following: a. Volume overload may cause the right ventricle to hypertrophy to compensate for added volume. b. Pressure overload usually results from an obstructive lesion, such as COA c. Decrease contractility can result from problems such as sever anemia, asphyxia, heart block and acidemia.
His initial medical diagnosis is heart failure (HF). Bert is immediately admitted to the acute care facility for further evaluation and treatment. Heart failure is called cardiac failure, pump failure, or congestive heart failure (CHF). It is defined as the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to meet the tissue's oxygen demands. Risk Factors Heart failure occurs most commonly in clients over the age of 60, and occurs more commonly in males than females.
Approximately 550,000 individuals are determined to have heart failure every year. It's the main source of hospitalization in individuals more established than 65. Heart failure doesn't mean the heart has quit working. It implies the heart is less ready to pump blood through the heart and body, and weight in the heart goes up. Subsequently,
It could also be an indication the patient is not getting adequate fluids and may be dehydrated. ~. Creatinine: Kidneys are no longer processing your waste, indicating that the SBO may have moved or caused obstructions in other areas. It could also be an indication the patient is not getting adequate fluids and may be
Using SwabCap® to Reduce the Number of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections (CLABSIs) Dawn E Bennett Joliet Junior College Nursing 260 Using SwabCap® to Reduce the Number of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections (CLABSIs) According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every year health care associated infections (HAIs) affect 5% of hospitalized patients in the United States. CLABSIs are a deadly HAI, with a mortality rate of 12%-25%. In 2009, the number of CLABSIs in an Intensive care unit (ICU) setting was estimated at 18,000, and for patients in an inpatient ward was an estimated 23,000. Patients receiving hemodialysis as an outpatient in 2008 had an higher rate of CLABSIs, with an estimated
Anemia contains burning tongue, loss of appetite, stomach pain, loss of memory, depression, irritability, tingling or numbness in hands and feet. Stats show that 20% of women have anemia 50% pregnant women, 3 % Men, and 2 of 1000 people. Risk factors a diet lacking in certain vitamins, menstruation, chronic conditions, and family history. Myocardial Infarction “Heart Attack” blockage of one or more coronary arties caused by plaque buildup resulting in damage to the myocardial impairs the heart’s ability to pump throughout the body. It shows that 1.8% of adult population has had a heart attack.
Case Study on Stroke Name: Institution: Case Study on Stroke Introduction Stroke, otherwise known as cerebrovascular accident, refers to a group of health conditions that occur as neurologic deficits caused by an abrupt interruption of cerebral blood flow. Put differently, a stroke results from a sudden decrease in the blood flow to the brain. An acute stroke is a term used in describing the initial twenty-four hours following a stroke event. Ischemic strokes, which results from embolisms or thrombosis, constitutes the vast majority of stroke cases (87 percent) while the remaining thirteen percent are hemorrhagic (resulting from aneurysm or the rupture of a blood vessel) (Yew & Cheng, 2009, p. 33). An ischemic stroke is usually characterized by a reduction or obstruction of blood supply to the brain due to blocked blood vessels caused by atherosclerosis or a blood clot.