Congestive Heart Failure We all heard of congestive heart failure, but do you really know what congestive heart failure is? Congestive heart failure is when the heart isn’t able to pump enough blood or oxygen to meet your body’s need, do to other conditions that weaken or damage your heart. The term congestive heart failure comes from blood backing up into your liver, abdomen, lungs, and lower extremities. It can involve your left side of the heart and the right side of the heart or both sides. Left side failure is the most common failure which leads to fluids backing up in your lungs leading to shortness of breath.
The sequel of refeeding syndrome adversely affect nearly every organ system and include cardiac dysrhythmias, heart failure, acute respiratory failure, coma, paralysis, nephropathy, and liver dysfunction. The primary cause of the metabolic response to refeeding is the shift from stored body fat to carbohydrate as the primary fuel source. Serum insulin levels rise, causing intracellular movement of electrolytes for use in metabolism. The best advice when initiating nutritional support is to "start low and go slow". Recommendations to reduce the risk of refeeding syndrome
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive Heart Failure or CHF is a severe circulatory congestion due to decreased myocardial contractility, which results in the heart’s inability to pump sufficient blood to meet the body’s needs. In general, causes can be classified according to the following: a. Volume overload may cause the right ventricle to hypertrophy to compensate for added volume. b. Pressure overload usually results from an obstructive lesion, such as COA c. Decrease contractility can result from problems such as sever anemia, asphyxia, heart block and acidemia.
You correctly answered: d. oxygen level in the blood 4. Viscosity most directly affects You correctly answered: b. peripheral resistance. 02/09/15 page 1 Experiment Results Predict Question: Predict Question: What effect do you think increasing the viscosity will have on the fluid flow rate? Your answer : c. The fluid flow rate will decrease. Stop & Think Questions: What is the relationship between fluid flow and viscosity?
Renal causes may be due to reduced renal function. The causes are acute and chronic kidney failure, acute and chronic nephritis, tubular necrosis and other renal diseases. Post renal causes may be due to reduced excretion of urea. And these could be due to obstruction to urinary outflow such as by calculi, bladder and prostate tumours, or a severe infection (Bishop ML 6th edition). The main cause of uremia is damage to the kidneys, whether because of Bright’s disease (glomerulonephritis), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or some other disorder that impairs kidney
What is causing Ms. Jones’s kidney disease? There are three main causes; drop in blood flow to kidneys, damage from medicines, or sudden blockage that stops urine flow. I will have to say the blockage that is stopping her urine flow is causing the kidney disease. 4. What are possible treatment options, and what is the prognosis?
Cirrhosis- Chronic, progressive disease that causes the formation of fibrous connective tissue that distorts the liver's normal lobular structure. These irregular lobular shapes results in an impeded blood flow (portal hypertension), poor cellular nutrition, and hypoxia (scar tissue doesn't allow for "normal" gas exchange). •Cirrhosis- As evident by decreased ALT, AST, positive wave test, and decrease in platelets. Increased ICP: Cerebral edema (volume increase of brain tissue, blood or CSF) caused by injury, stroke, hemorrhage tumor or CSF leakage. •Increased ICP- As evident by Cushing's Triad, non-reactive/sluggish pupils,and the patient's fall.
Like many illness, there are different classifications of DI. Central Diabetes Insipidus is the most common. Damage to the pituitary gland causes a disruption of the standard storage and release of ADH. Another form of DI is Nephrogenic DI. This is the result of the kidneys being incapable of responding to ADH.
It shows that 1.8% of adult population has had a heart attack. Myocardial infarction can result in people in High blood pressure, smokers, alcohol, and oral contraceptive pills. Sickle Cell A genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in red blood cells that assume an abnormal sickle cell, sickle cell interferes with normal blood flow, resulting in damage to the most the body system. The risk factors result in most often among people whose ancestry can be linked to sub-Saharan Africa, south & central America, Caribbean, and India showing that third largest visible minorities in Canada, behind the Chinese and South Asians. The 2001 Census reported a total of 662,200 blacks in Canada, representing approximately 2 percent of the overall Canadian population and Third largest visible minorities in Canada, behind the Chinese and South Asians.
But if it persists for a prolonged duration, the continuous action of high concentration of Glucocorticoid on liver, muscle and adipose tissues, loses it adaptive value, adversely impacts the muscle and bone impairing the endocrine and immune function, degrading the body mass, individual fitness and causing reproductive failure resulting the long-term behavioural changes as supported by the Cort-fitness hypothesis (Munck et al. 1984, Bonier, 2009; Muehlenbein et al .2012; Norman M