On August 3, 1861 the United States Navy’s Ironclad Board placed ads in Northern Newspapers inviting designers to submit their plans for the construction of ironclad warships. In a letter to Abraham Lincoln dated August 29, 1861 John Ericsson offered to build a vessel, “…that within ten weeks after commencing the structure I would engage to be ready to take up position under the Rebel guns at Norfolk…” Ericsson was a Swedish-American inventor that designed the Union Monitor nicknamed “cheese box on a raft.’ The Confederate Merrimack or Merrimac was originally a wooden frigate. Federal troops fled the ship when they evacuated the Naval yard at Portsmouth, Virginia in 1861. Confederate forces raised it, and then covered the ship with iron plates. They renamed the ship Virginia, although I’ll be using Merrimack by which it is better known.
Therefore, in that period of time they have received more citations for valor than any other group in the United States military. The 9th and 10th cavalry regiments were formed in 1866 and were used to control "hostile" Indian tribes in the West for the next 25 years. Despite prejudicial treatment by some army officers, as well as open prejudice displayed by many civilians in frontier
This type of design allowed for a “constant surveillance of the prison from a central rotunda.” (Prairi 2) When the prison first opened “the Quakers of Philadelphia established a new method of incarceration which dealt with “penitence” for the lawbreaker.” (Prairi 1) This new method consisted of solitary confinement. The prisoners were confined to small windowless rooms with running water and toilets. At the time this was a great innovation and designed to keep the prisoner from contact with other people. Above them would be a narrow window in the ceiling that was called the "Eye of God". “Walls were thick and soundproof, so the prisoners never
This paper analyzed the argument presented by Henry David Thoreau in “Civil Disobedience” written in 1846. The purpose of this work was that he contrasted conscience and law. He wrote that if the law violated your conscience, then you should break the law. For example, he refused to pay a poll tax to the federal government because they supported slavery and so he ended up in jail for it. He wrote that the only place for a just man in an unjust society is in jail.
The Attica Prison is an old maximum security prison located in New York and housed mainly African American (54%) and Hispanic (9%) inmates that grew up in the inner cities and poorer parts of the state. The prison guards on the other hand were primarily white males from the rural parts of western New York surrounding the prison. These two groups prior to the riot clashed and racism went both ways from the staff and from the inmates. This racial tension filled the air in the overcrowded out of date prison where inmates were warehoused together in one of four cell blocks containing more than 2,200 inmates. A day before the riot at Attica word spread that inmates involved in a fight amongst each other were roughed up by prison guards later that night.
Preferably, it was a war tactic to militarily weaken the South and preserve the Union, add soldiers to the Union cause, and in many opinions please abolitionist northerners. What did Abraham Lincoln do and think when taking in consideration slavery during the Civil War? In Abrahams first Inaugural Address he states” I do but quote from one of those speeches when I declare that I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the intuition of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. “(pg.
The white world had promised King and the black world that they would be united. They were promised that after abolishing slavery they would be able to live in peace. They claimed that “We appeal to both our white and Negro citizenry to observe the principles of law and order and common sense”, and by “we” they meant the court system. Birmingham was probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States. King would have been laughed at and turned away if he would have taken this matter to court.
1906 San Francisco Earthquake The San Francisco Earthquake changed many lives of pedestrians whom lived in the city on the day of April 18, 1906. Between 227,000 and 300,000 people were left homeless out of a population of about 410,000. The Army built 5,610 redwood and fir temporary homes to accommodate 20,000 homeless people. The houses were designed by John McLaren, and were grouped in eleven camps, packed close to each other and rented to people for two dollars per month until rebuilding was completed. They were painted olive drab, partly to blend in with the site, and partly because the military had large quantities of olive drab paint on hand.
Zimbardo set up a fake prison in the basement of Stanford University’s psychology building, and along with 24 undergraduate students, who were chosen out of a larger group of 7o for their lack of criminal background, psychological issues, and no serious medical conditions agreed to a 1-2 week period experiment in exchange for $15.00 a day. (Insert bibliography) Randomly either assigned the guard or prisoner group, the experiment began. Prisoners were to stay in the prison 24 hrs. a day, while the guards were allowed to go home at night, when there shift was complete. A 14-day study quickly ended after just six days due to what was happening within the walls of this “prison.” Neither group had very thorough directions or instructions as that would more than likely ruin the purpose of the experiment, which was to see how
State and federal prison authorities had jurisdiction over 1,610,446 prisoners at midyear 2008: 1,409,166 in state jurisdiction and 201,280 in federal jurisdiction. Local jails held 785,556 persons awaiting trial or serving a sentence at midyear 2008. An additional 72,852 persons under jail supervision were serving their sentence in the community. This is a very alarming rate! This is something to think