The main rationale behind this study is that various public discourses on nationhood and gender have revealed how states using their power resurrect and promote various sites of boundaries, of different transformations and normative forces during the cultivation of particular kinds of contemporary social identities. Changing gender orders in globalisation In the current context of globalisation, nationalism is emerging with ever-increasing force. The meaning of nationalism is elusive, as nationalism exists as an ideology and a movement, which encompasses both domestic and international issues, as well as acts both on and through political actors on every level. The nation
The core traditions of feminism each contain rival tendencies and have spawned ‘dual-system’ feminism and new feminist traditions have emerged, particularly since the 1980s such as Black feminism, cultural feminism and psychoanalytical feminism. It is easy, therefore, to dismiss feminism as too fragmented to form a single doctrine. Also the fact that these traditions are characterised more by disagreement than agreement suggests that they cannot form a unified ideology and are sub-sections of opposing ideologies that are likely to disagree. Nevertheless a range of common ground themes can be identified such as patriarchy, the public/private divide, equality and difference and sex and gender, so feminism is unified to a certain extent. It can also be argued that there are rival traditions within all conventional ideologues.
In her publication titled “Gender Trouble”, Judith Butler presents her view that gender is a performative role in society, meaning that in order for gender identity to be genuinely expressed and understood, it must be conveyed openly in social spaces. Throughout her book she provides numerous examples of these “social spaces” that would be a necessary ground for women in order to better establish an identity in society. These include political representation, cultural movements, and the economic climate. These social spaces are presented in great depth and explain how they limit a person by identifying with a specific gender. In this paper, I will argue for Butler’s view on how certain gender performance is restricted in these numerous fields, and how Ms. Butler would object to these various situations.
Therefore, as a contemporary issue in international relations, women’s rights in MENA can effectively be addressed from a liberal perspective. Liberals focus on women empowerment and their ability to illustrate their equality through their choices and actions. The liberal perspective is based on the belief of liberty, equality, individualism, and justice. Women’s rights have increasingly been a challenge in MENA. Through a liberal point of view,
<BR> Feminism is defined as an organized activity on <br>behalf of women?s rights and interests. To me, <br>this statement encompasses all women; regardless <br>of race, class, ethnicity, sexual preference, age <br>or religion. While I agree that these factors do <br>influence and shape a woman?s individual <br>experiences, I believe that women everywhere are <br>oppressed just for being biologically different <br>than males. In Feminist Frontiers, it is stated <br>that ?women everywhere suffer restrictions, <br>oppression, and discrimination because they are <br>living in patriarchal societies? (1).
This therefore supports Money’s hypothesis that social factors determine gender identity. This however, is a case study. Although it provides rich, detailed data, it is essentially a sample of one, so the results cannot be extrapolated elsewhere. Although the case of Mrs DW provides strong evidence for Money’s theory, another case study by Colapinto contests it. David Reimer was raised as a girl following a
Elizabeth Stanton appeals to ethos by establishing the methods that women will go through in order to become equal, and by providing the fact that it is a right for women to be equal. She states, "...in view of the unjust laws above mentioned...we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of the United States," and this tells the reader that the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions is not to be taken lightly, that is is an official request from feminists who are well-educated in the matters of the new nation. Jefferson appeals to pathos by listing the hardships that the colonists have endured. Included in the Declaration is a long list of cruelties of all sorts that justify the need for independence, and it covers injustices like the refusal to pass laws to keeping armies afoot in the colonies during times of peace. It would be difficult for any American to say no to independence if they were given a list of reasons why independence must be sought.
Ms. Eastman laid out a feminist roadmap appealing to the emotional independent desires of women in America. Gaining freedom is the ultimate goal of Ms. Eastman’s essay, however, handling the future properly depended on which approach women took. Did they flood the world with the communist approach or a feminist approach? The communist focus was on industrial democracy. As a feminist, Ms Eastman points out; “But the true feminist, no matter how far to the left she may be in the revolutionary movement, sees the woman's battle as distinct in its objects and different in its methods from the workers' battle for industrial freedom.
Many writers have taken up the cause of feminism in their work. One of the most well-known writers to deal with feminist themes is Margaret Atwood. Her work is clearly influenced by the movement and many literary critics, as well as Atwood herself, have identified her as a feminist writer. However, one of Atwood's most successful books, The Handmaid's Tale, stands in stark contrast to the ideas of feminism. In fact, the female characters in the novel are portrayed in such a way that they directly conflict with the idea of women's empowerment.
Through positive liberty, there lies the possibility of acting in such a way as to take control of one’s life. This freedom is collective, in contrast to the individualistic Western tradition. The freedom of Kalasha women can be illustrated as positive liberty since women’s agency is in the interest of Kalasha society. Positive liberty requires the presence of two features, the presence of action and the presence of a collective influence. First, Kalasha women’s freedom is active because, according to Maggi, “freedom almost always involves embodied action or at least potential action” (217).