Plants are the producers for an ecosystem. They photosynthesise carbon dioxide and water and produce energy in the form of carbohydrates and other molecules. Photosynthesis requires water, and plants gain water from the soil using mineral ions such as nitrate produced by the nitrifying bacteria. Hydrolysis of ATP releases energy for processes such as active transport of the nitrate ions (and others such as potassium etc) from the soil into root hair cells, a process that lowers water potential and is used to draw water into the plant from the soil. In leaves, photosynthesis involves the photolysis of water, a process that involves the attachment of two electrons to a magnesium ion in chlorophyll and the production of hydrogen ions from the breakdown of water.
* What is this substance This substance is iodide Confidence Report The aim of extraction, is to separate a part of raw material, using a solvent such as water with heat. A tincture of iodine is a common medicine sold in many pharmacies, used as an antiseptic on cuts of the skin. The objective of the seaweed lab, is to produce a tincture of iodine by extracting Iodide and other components (seen when a mixture of iodine is present), from seaweed. We
c) Name 2 different methods of measuring pH of substances (in a laboratory)? • Probe and meter • Litmus paper 5. Explain the relationship between the natural pH of the skin and the action of: a) Microflora • The bacterial microflora on our skin are able to survive acidic conditions with a pH range 4-6. Our acidic skin protects us from harmful bacteria or pathogens, our microflora are able to breakdown the fatty acid molecules and thereby increase its
The Ecological Impact of Prokaryotes A. Prokaryotes are indispensable links in the recycling of chemical elements in ecosystems 1. Prokaryotes play essential roles in Earth’s biogeochemical cycles, e.g., decomposers break down and recycle organic compounds in dead organisms. Autotrophs make organic compounds that form the foundation for many food webs. They can metabolize inorganic molecules, make oxygen for the atmosphere, and fix nitrogen that becomes a nitrogen source for amino acids and nucleic acids. B.
Differential Staining Brenda Blanchette, RN, CCTC Clinical Microbiology Laboratory Differential Staining There are several staining methods used with bacteria and are generally classified as simple, nonspecific, or differential (specific). Gram’s stain techniques are used to differentiate between types of bacteria as well as to differentiate between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Gram’s stains are one of the most commonly used differential stains and are the focus of this experiment (Labpaq microbiology). Bacteria that stain purple are Gram-positive and bacteria that stain pink are Gram-negative. They stain differently due to differences in the structure of their cell walls.
TCB is relatively similar to Chlorobenzene in regards of being an essential part in the production of dye. TBC is also used as a dielectric fluid in transformers, and at one time used to kill termites (DHSS, 2010). Individuals who ingest drinking water containing TBC can be exposed to side effects such as neurological issues including nervousness, restlessness and/or weakness. Serious more critical side effects may also occur such as tremors, increased heart rate or blood pressure, digestive issues, weight loss, as well as headaches (DHSS, 2010). Individuals working at Ciba- Geigy Corporation may be been exposed to TBC by breathing since levels or exposure are highest where the chemical is made or used.
An example of use is cleaning compounds of impurities, where different solvents work as a molecular filter that interacts differentially with compound and impurities respectively. In the end of the process, impurities become physically separated from the now pure compound, facilitating further transferring and further repurification / extraction if needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Acetanilide tert-butyl methyl ether p-tert-butylphenol p-toluic acid 0.5M NaHCO3 3M HCL 0.5M NaOH NaSO4 anhydrous Separatory Funnel Buchner filter paper Sand Bath Microspatula Disposable Pipet heated plate boiling chips support stand Pasteur pipets with latex bulb test tubes (2) utility clamp watch glasses weighing paper melting pint capillary tubes thermometer EXTRACTION •Dissolve acetanilide, p-toluic acid, and p-tert-butylphenol in t-butylmethyl ether •Extract p-toluic acid from the ether layer with NaHCO3 solution •Extract p-tert-butylphenol from the ether layer with NaOH
Fungi Fungi are skin infections caused by dermatophytes and yeasts, which are groups of fungi that are normally harmless. When these grow excessively, it causes symptoms and usually affects your skin because they live of keratin. Parasite A parasite is a life-form that survives off its host, including worms, bacteria, protozoa and amoeba. Parasites often work by stealth—you probably don’t even notice their presence. In the meantime they rob your system of nutrition, loading you down with their excretions and secretions these include Lice and Ringworm 1.3 Colonisation is when a bacterial strain invades a region of your body and starts to rapidly divide - it sets up a new colony Infection is similar but only usually used for opportunistic pathogenic bacteria - that is it does not usually refer to bacteria that normally inhabit us 1.4 Localised infection is restricted to a ceratin region of your body Systemic infection means that the infection is throughout your body.
This bacterium is also a facultative anaerobe meaning it can grow with or without oxygen. The bacterium is found most commonly in animals such as rats, fleas, lice, chipmunks, etc. Y. pestis is most commonly transferred through bites from affected animals, direct contact with infected tissue or body fluids, or inhaling infected droplets. The best way to avoid the plague would be to stay away for any animal that has potential for having Yersinia pestis If proper safety measures are not taken and a human ends up with the plague they would have general symptoms such as inflamed lymph nodes, fever, chills, muscle aches, headache and weakness. If left untreated the symptoms could worsen and you could be left with septicemia, food poisoning like symptoms, bleeding from under the skin, in the urine, from the mouth and nose, shock, kidney failure, breathing problems.
When the gas comes out of the ground, it comes out wet. The first stage of the refining process involves on-site heating of the gas to 212 degrees to evaporate any non-methane hydrocarbons and fluids that are mixed into the gas. (Arthur, 2008) The condensate that is generated from this process is then vented into the atmosphere. The condensate often contains the same chemical additives that are added to the well during the fracking process, as well as volatile organic compounds that are naturally occurring in the ground where the gas is stored (Witter,