Answer a. employee actions; customers and creditors b. employee actions; customers, vendors, and regulators c. management actions; all corporate constituents d. employee actions; all corporate constituents On its 2010 balance sheet, Barngrover Books showed $510 million of retained earnings, and exactly that same amount was shown the following year. Assuming that no earnings restatements were issued, which of the following statements is CORRECT? Answer a. If the company lost money in 2010, they must have paid dividends. b.
In February 63,000 jobs were lost (a 5-year record) and in September 159,000 jobs were lost, bringing the monthly average to 84,000 per month from January to September of 2008.  During the month of September the sub-prime mortgage crisis reached a critical stage, characterized by severely contracted liquidity in the global credit markets and insolvency threats to investment banks and other institutions.  In response, the U.S. government announced a series of comprehensive steps to address these problems. What followed has been a series of "case-by-case" decisions to intervene or not to intervene such as the $85 billion liquidity resourced for American International Group (AIG), the federal takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and the bankruptcy of Lehman
6, 2008. In an already tumultuous market the preferred stock of the two firms tumbled to below a dollar. September 2008 was the month that saw the fall of many financial institutions. Banks termed too big to fail. Lehman Brothers file bankruptcy, Merrill Lynch was bought out by Bank of America, and AIG, an insurance company that sold insurance to investment banks to cover the downturn of investments, was on the brink of financial distress along with so many other failing financial institutions.
In 2004, delays and stoppages to the firm’s production due to the collapse of equipment cost Alliance $2.6 million in repairs and a two-week shutdown. Alliance’s obligation to pay a divide payment of $3 million to National Industrial Supplies, and their previous $4 million annual loan repayment to their bank cripple the firm’s ability to finance expenditures. The firm is facing a difficult decision with choosing between postponing capital improvements, renegotiating debt obligations, or reducing dividend payments to National. Capital improvements will potentially save the firm money in costs for repairs, production delays, and plant shutdowns. Moreover, Alliance’s customers are sensitive to delivery times.
This as well, will continue to lower Lincare’s profits. Lincare’s operating margin additionally declined from 24 percent to 16.6 percent. The 9.5% reimbursement cut on certain durable medical equipment, as well as the 36 month payment cap, and competitive bidding from CMS are negatively affecting the profits of the company. Lincare operating margins have declined from 28.8 in 2005 to 16.6 in 2009 (morningstar.com). Lincare’s Return on Equity has taken a steep decline over the past 5 years going from 21.83% in 2005 down to 14.54% in 2009.
The decrease in expenses observed in 2009 was primarily due to cost-containment measures implemented at the Company’s global and regional offices beginning in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2008 (10-K, p. 20). Pre-opening Expenses, Relocation, Store Closure and Lease Termination Costs These expenses have been falling over the last few years. This decrease is due to the company’s consistently having relocated or closed fewer stores annually from 2008 to 2010. Interest Expense Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized, has decreased by a small amount in the last few years. Interest expense for these years consists principally of interest expense on the term loan entered into on August 28, 2007 to finance the acquisition of Wild Oats Markets.
THE GREAT DEPRESSION American success failed when the stock market crashed in 1929 during President Herbert Hoover’s administration. All of a sudden people were out of work, thousands lost their savings, and the nation was in a state of shock. Even millionaires lost their money. The problems and the causes that led up to The Great Depression were multiple. Farm income went down from the drought.
The recent history of Air Canada is not bright one. In March of 2003 Air lines cut 3,600 jobs. Which at that time the company was in bankruptcy protection and was negotiating to make major reduction in labour cost. The company attempted to reduce its annual operating expenses by 25 percent, or C$2.4 billion. Last year, because the price of oil had raised to $150 a barrel many CUPE members lost monthly flying time.
Though oil prices recovered somewhat in the second quarter of 2009, energy exports continued to fall as decreased demand outweighed supply.16 Canada’s automotive and industrial goods industries also experienced substantial declines in exports. In 2009, automotive exports (predominantly to the U.S) slumped by 19% and earnings in the industrial goods and materials sector fell by $11.7 billion over the last three quarters. More than half of the losses in the latter sector resulted from decreased Chinese demand (one of the largest importers of earth materials) and deflated metal ore and alloy prices. Nickel ore experienced the largest and most rapid decline in value; prices fell by 75% (almost $1 billion). In addition, copper and aluminum fell by 50% whereas gold incurred a small loss in the second quarter.