The Stock Market Collapse In President Herbert Hoover's Administration

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THE GREAT DEPRESSION American success failed when the stock market crashed in 1929 during President Herbert Hoover’s administration. All of a sudden people were out of work, thousands lost their savings, and the nation was in a state of shock. Even millionaires lost their money. The problems and the causes that led up to The Great Depression were multiple. Farm income went down from the drought. The auto industries declined and employers cut wages and laid off workers. There was 25% unemployment. Five thousand banks failed. Seventy five percent of American families lived in poverty. The stock market crashed. People stopped spending money. There were long lines of starving people in the streets. They waited for hours for a bowl…show more content…
It became a subject of much writing. Authors evaluated what caused the financial and emotional trauma. Two famous books have become classics for all future generations. They are : Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men. The most important effect was that government now intervened and took on a much larger role in social, political, and economic areas. The programs President Roosevelt started, led to domestic programs of John F. Kennedy and President Lyndon B. Johnson. Even now, we are in a recession, and President Obama is trying to stimulate the economy to avoid another depression. ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS 1. What was most difficult during The Great Depression? a) unemployment b) homelessness c) poverty d) farm losses 2) What was President Hoover’s economic policy during the depression? a) Refused to use the Federal government to increase money supply b) followed a laissez faire philosophy – leave the economy alone c) passage of the Smoot Hawley Tariff d) Loaned money to business 3) What was the reaction to Hoover’s policy? a) he was hated b) homeless shelters c) the economy improved 4) What did FDR immediately do to get out of the depression? a) improved banks, b) sent people into the army c) raised taxes d) started social security 5) In what year did The Great Depression

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