Finance Prep Essay

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Among solutions to the agency problem in publicly-held corporations are all of the following EXCEPT Answer a. stock options. b. performance shares. c. cash bonuses tied to goal achievement. d. bonuses based on short-term results. 4 points A more recent issue that is causing major problems in the business community is Answer a. the privatization of ownership. b. short-term versus long-term financial goals of management. c. ethical problems d. environmental concerns. Corporate ethics policies typically apply to ________ in dealing with ________. Answer a. employee actions; customers and creditors b. employee actions; customers, vendors, and regulators c. management actions; all corporate constituents d. employee actions; all corporate constituents On its 2010 balance sheet, Barngrover Books showed $510 million of retained earnings, and exactly that same amount was shown the following year. Assuming that no earnings restatements were issued, which of the following statements is CORRECT? Answer a. If the company lost money in 2010, they must have paid dividends. b. The company must have had zero net income in 2010. c. The company must have paid out half of its earnings as dividends. d. The company must have paid no dividends in 2010. e. Dividends could have been paid in 2010. Companies generate income from their "regular" operations and from other sources like interest earned on the securities they hold, which is called non-operating income. Lindley Textiles recently reported $12,500 of sales, $7,250 of operating costs other than depreciation, and $1,000 of depreciation. The company had no amortization charges and no non-operating income. It had $8,000 of bonds outstanding that carry a 7.5% interest rate, and its federal-plus-state income tax rate was 40%. How much was

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