Western settlers destroyed traditional Native American ways of life by moving into their traditional homeland. As western settlers moved on to the land that was first owned by native Americans, the Natives were forced to move into reservations. Reservations were fenced in and one could not walk freely outside the borders. The Homestead Act of 1862 stated that160 acres of land was given to any settler who was an American citizen or who had applied for citizenship, who was committed to farming the land for six months of the year, and had to build a dwelling and raise crops. This land that the government was giving away was traditional homeland to the Native Americans.
1623 Dutchman Jan Carstenz described several armed encounters with Aborigines on the northern coast of Australia. Shots were fired and an Aboriginal man was hit. 1697 Englishman William Dampier visited the west coast of Australia. 1768 Anticipating that Captain Cook would discover the great southern land he was issued with special instructions to "with the consent of the natives take possession of convenient situations in the name of the King... or if you find the land uninhabited Take Possession for His Majesty". 1770 April 29 Captain James Cook in the Endeavour entered Botany Bay.
Ever since the British settlement in 1788, the Aboriginal land owners had been given very less rights and attention. Many suffered from loss of family members, loss of freedom, loss of land and loss of culture. It wasn’t until the later in the century, after protests and debates, the Government decided that it was time to do something about this issue. The Aboriginal land rights Act was a example of an act conducted by the Government to protect the Aborigines, the reason to why it was created involves the change of community values. The act granted them with the native title, this meant returning their land to them which they are strongly bonded
The Indians had been persecuted, harmed, and removed from their land by whites ever since the very first years of colonization in America, and Western movement caused the final blow to these people. The Cherokees of Georgia made efforts to learn the ways of the whites by opening schools, adopting a written constitution, and even turning to slaveholding. For these efforts the Cherokees, along with the Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles, they were named the “Five Civilized Tribes.” But, these efforts were not good enough for the whites. In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, providing for the transplanting of all Indian tribes then resident east of the Mississippi. In 1838, the US army forced the Cherokees from their homelands in the Trail of Tears into Indian Territory.
Aboriginal Self Government for Haida People Governments on the lands of other government seem as the one of the largest problems in Canada due to the many governments that aboriginals have on the Canadian lands. Self-governments as what it is called were kept by aboriginals even after the European settlers took over the land at the 15th century. The self-governments did not even disappear after the residential schools period that affected many of the aboriginals between the 18th and the late 20th century. According to Christie (2007) “Canadian governments and courts recognize that pre-contact Aboriginal societies possessed their own legal and political systems, and that to this day these nations have not surrendered the powers they fully exercised before colonial policies undercut their authority”. Aboriginals self-governments are not only for preparing couple of meetings and activities for its people, but they even have the own constitutions, courts, and presidents.
Finally the re-scripting of events through diaries and other literature that describe Indian “occupation” rather than possession or nativity, or the “first” wedding in a New English colony to manufacture a status quo where the New English become native New Englanders, and where Indians become intruders in settlements rather than the land’s native inhabitants. In other words, narrative frameworks are a tool of erasure of Indian culture and society in the early history of New England. New English settlers used racial and cultural differences to drive a wedge between themselves and the “other” inhabitants of the
During early settlement of Australia, Indigenous children were removed from their families to be conditioned to European values and work ethic to eventually take up positions in the service of “colonial settlers” (HREOC, 1997, pp.22). Despite being an acknowledged and engrained practice in Australia for a number of years before formal government acts legalising the removal of children, the Stolen Generations is a term coined to encompass those Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children forcibly removed from their families and communities as mandated by government policy between 1911 and 1969 (HREOC, 1997, pp.22). In an attempt to ‘merge’ the Indigenous population with the non-Iindigenous community, it was mandated that children should be removed from their families so as to lose their ‘Aboriginal identity’ (HREOC, 1997, pp.25). This policy was soon aimed towards ‘assimilation’ as opposed to ‘merging’; the major difference existing in the idea that all Indigenous people should live, work and be educated alongside ‘Whites’ (HREOC, 1997, pp.26). However, by the 1960s it was clear that the policy had failed to achieve its goal of forced integration; Indigenous people refused to “surrender their lifestyle and
The white Australians became extremely vicious and began to throw food at us. Finally after hours of abuse Aboriginal children were allowed in the pools and the ban of Aboriginal children not being able to swim was then removed. I believe the freedom ride was a good act as it bringing awareness to the general public about how the aboriginal’s are being treated in rural areas. I hope racist people understand the living conditions of the aboriginals and the challenges they face in their day to day lives and I hope they change their views. Hopefully in the near future we will stop the white Australia policy because at the end of the day all aboriginals are all human just like us and deserve to be treated the same as every other Australian.
Australia is the nation built on the principles of freedom and equality for everybody, but this is not true for Aboriginal people – the first owners of this land. From 1909 to 1969, the Australian government implemented the policy that forced Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children to leave their parents’ arms in order to assimilate these children and declared that they were adequately protected and given a better life (Reconciliaction, 2007). The statistics of the Bringing Them Home report suggests that there were about one-tenth and one-third of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children taken away from their families (Bringing Them Home, 1997, p. 31). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children separated from their families were called the “stolen generations” (Australia Human Rights Commission, 2012). These children had to live in poor conditions, poor quality and received a strange
Aboriginals Divergent Value System- • Aboriginals are so different, • Land, can never own the land • Aboriginal’s don't believe u can own the land • That's why they are free roaming like gypsy’s • All the land the used to roam in were now taken over • Food supply is now gone • Cannot get along because value system is tot different • Have to use all the parts of an animal never wasted or thrown away • Don't stay in one location because their spirit will die • Don't stay in one spot the whole time • Need to free their spirit • Decide that they’re going to send them to reservations • Said they’re going to give them more room to expand • Reservations don't work • Different life system, values • Cant get along Indian