The kidney is surrounded by a capsule membrane, each of these membranes are topped by the conical adrenal gland. Both the kidneys and adrenal glands are coated in adipose tissue. Gross anatomy When the kidney is presented in a longitudinal section it displays an outer darker cortex and an inner paler medulla. The composition of the medulla is made up of cone shaped pyramids known as medullay pyramids, the tip of these cones are pointed into the area where the ureter connects the kidney. “The medulla is further divided into numerous sections called the medullary pyramids.”This region is known as the pelvis of the kidney.
I also briefly touch on what an abdominal aortic aneurysm is and how to look at it with ultrasound. Abdominal Vascular Physiology The abdominal aorta is the continuation of the thoracic aorta beginning at the aortic hiatus of the diaphragm. It runs parallel to the IVC slightly to the left of the mid line. It then bifurcates at the level of the umbilicus into the right and left common iliacs. The normal diameter of the aorta is around 2 cm.
| 1.1. Quadratus labii superior: Is a broad sheet, the origin of which extends from the side of the nose to the zygomatic bone. Its medial fibers form the angular head, which arises by a pointed extremity from the upper part of the frontal process of the maxilla and passing obliquely downward and lateralward divides into two slips. One of these is inserted into the greater alar cartilage and skin of the nose; the other is prolonged into the lateral part of the upper lip, blending with the infraorbital head and with the Orbicularis oris. The intermediate portion or infraorbital head arises from the lower margin of the orbit immediately above the infraorbital foramen, some of its fibers being attached to the maxilla, others to the zygomatic bone.
QUESTION: Trace the route of the contrast medium from its site of injection to the urinary bladder for an intravenous urography examination. NAME OF CONTRAST MEDIUM: Uroselectan (42%) TYPE: An iodinated, ionic contrast media AMOUNT INJECTED: 0.2gram per kilogram of body weight SITE OF INJECTION: 1) Right Median Cubital Vein The site of injection for an intravenous urography (IVU) examination could be the right or left cubial vein. For this study, the right median cubital vein will be utilized. This vein is located to the anterior aspect of the right elbow and connects the right basilic and cephalic veins, which run along the medial and lateral aspects of the right forearm respectively. Once access to the right median cubital vein has been gained, a bolus injection of the contrast media, Uroselectan (42%), is administered.
(ii) Horizontally, it stretches out from the horizontal fringe of the sternum to the midaxillary line. Profound Relations: The profound surface of the bosom is identified with the accompanying structures in a specific order. 1. The bosom lies on the profound sash (pectoral belt) coating the pectoralis major. 2.
The resonating system is located in the pharynx, oral cavity, and nasal cavities. The vocal tract is comprised of resonators which give a personal quality to the voice, and the modifiers or articulators which form sound into voiced sounds. There are three different cartilages used in our larynx which are the thyroid, cricoid, and arytenoid. The thyroid cartilage forms the front portion of the larynx; the most forward part comprises the "Adam's apple". The vocal folds attach just below the Adam's apple, and the thyroid cartilage also houses the vocal folds.
Hence, Urinary system is one of the most important systems of our body. Anatomy The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, the urinary bladder, and a urethra. The normal kidney size of an adult human is about 10 to 13 cm (4 to 5 inches) long and about 5 to 7.5 cm (2 to 3 inches) wide. They are dark-red, bean-shaped organs, located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. The color of the kidney comes from small capillaries that release blood into the kidney walls to give it a reddish-brown look.
The small intestine leads to the large intestine, another tube for which absorption takes place. In the large intestine fluid is reabsorbed back into the bloodstream and faeces is formed; the faeces exits through the anus. Although these are the main organs involved in digestion, they are supported by the accessory organs. These include; the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and salivary glands. Figure 1 (below) shows the location of these organs (madders.s, 2007).
The first two cleavage planes are vertical and divide the egg into four equal blastomeres, designated as macromeres, the third cleavage plane is horizontal but is shifted toward the animal pole so that the upper set of four blastomeres or micromeres is considerably smaller than those below. How many stages of cleavage can you identify? 2-cell stage (3/4 h): The first cleavage furrow, ending the first zygotic cell cycle, is vertically oriented, as is usual until the 32-cell stage. The furrow arises near the animal pole and progresses rapidly towards the vegetal pole, passing through only the blastodisc and not the yolky region of the egg. Near the bottom of the blastodisc the furrow changes to a horizontal orientation to undercut the blastodisc in the fashion described originally by Wilson (1889) for the sea bass, but still leaves the cells only partly cleaved from the underlying yolky region.