# 1.1.3 Exercise 2 –

386 Words2 Pages
1. 25 cm3 of a solution of 0.1 moldm-3 NaOH reacts with 50 cm3 of a solution of hydrochloric acid. What is the molarity of the acid? 2. 25.0 cm3 of a 0.10 moldm-3 solution of sodium hydroxide was titrated against a solution of hydrochloric acid of unknown concentration. 27.3 cm3 of the acid was required. What was the concentration of the acid? 3. 25 cm3 of a solution of sodium hydroxide reacts with 15 cm3 of 0.1 mol/dm3 HCl. What is the molar concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution? 4. Succinic acid has the formula (CH2)n(COOH)2 and reacts with dilute sodium hydroxide as follows: (CH2)n(COOH)2 + 2NaOH → (CH2)n(COONa)2 + 2H2O 2.0 g of succinic acid were dissolved in water and the solution made up to 250 cm3. This solution was placed in a burette and 18.4 cm3 was required to neutralise 25 cm3 of 0.1 moldm-3 NaOH. Deduce the molecular formula of the acid and hence the value of n. 5. Sodium carbonate exists in hydrated form, Na2CO3.xH2O, in the solid state. 3.5 g of a sodium carbonate sample was dissolved in water and the volume made up to 250 cm3. 25.0 cm3 of this solution was titrated against 0.1 moldm-3 HCl and 24.5 cm3 of the acid were required. Calculate the value of x given the equation: Na2CO3 + 2HCl → 2NaCl + CO2 + H2O 6. 25 cm3 of a sample of vinegar (CH3COOH) was pipetted into a volumetric flask and the volume was made up to 250 cm3. This solution was placed in a burette and 13.9 cm3 were required to neutralise 25 cm3 of 0.1 moldm-3 NaOH. Calculate the molarity of the original vinegar solution and its concentration in gdm-3, given that it reacts with NaOH in a 1:1 ratio. 7. 2.5 g of a sample of ethanedioic acid, H2C2O4.nH2O, was dissolved in water and the solution made up to 250 cm3. This solution was placed in a burette and 15.8 cm3 were required to neutralise 25 cm3 of 0.1 moldm-3 NaOH. Given that ethanedioic acid reacts with NaOH