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Classical Conditioning Essay

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Running Head: CLASSICAL CONDITIONING









Generalisation & Discrimination Are Characteristics of Classical Conditioning- An Evolutionary Perspective
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Generalisation & Discrimination Are Characteristics of Classical Conditioning- An Evolutionary Perspective
Classical Conditioning
Classical conditioning also called respondent conditioning; packaging type I or Pavlovian conditioning is a concept of behaviourism proposed by Ivan Pavlov in the early twentieth century. This theory focuses on the learning achievements due to the association between stimuli of the environment and automatic reactions in the body. This notion of involuntary reaction is the main point that differentiates the operant conditioning. It is a learning theory that states that a natural, mostly innate, unconditioned reflex can be added by learning a new conditioned reflex. The assumptions and techniques of classical conditioning can also be used to treat anxiety, compulsive behaviours or anxiety-like symptoms.   From the classical conditioning, the concerns triggered behaviours that are instrumental and operant; conditioning to distinguish that affect spontaneous behaviour (Clark & Squire, 2008, pp. 77-81).

Phenomena Associated With Classical Conditioning
 Generalization: The conditional response (CR) is not only obtained with a specific stimulus, but with elements that have some resemblance to the conditioned stimulus (CS). The behaviour is adopted or avoided in other circumstances some resemblance reinforced or punished behaviour (Staats & Staats, 2009, p. 37).
 Discrimination: The conditional response (CR) was obtained in a situation with very specific stimuli and is not similar in others. The behaviour is adopted or avoided in specific circumstances and is not in other having some resemblance reinforced or punished behaviour (Staats & Staats, 2009, p. 37).
 Extinction: The conditional response (CR) may decrease and...

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