These women, each of whom had already obtained their pilot's license prior to service, became the first women to fly American military aircraft. They ferried planes from factories to bases, transporting cargo and participating in simulation strafing and target missions, accumulating more than 60 million miles in flight distances and freeing thousands of male U.S. pilots for active duty in World War II. More than 1,000 WASPs served, and 38 of them lost their lives during the war. Considered civil service employees and without official military status, these fallen WASPs were granted no military honors or benefits, and it wasn't until 1977 that the WASPs received full military status. While women worked in a variety of positions previously closed to them, the aviation industry saw the greatest increase in female workers.
They began to take up jobs that would be considered unsuitable for women before 1914, such as working in munitions factories and other war industries. Many women volunteered to work overseas as nurses or ambulance drivers. They also drove buses, streetcars, and worked on police forces and civil service jobs. They were also needed for agriculture. Almost all jobs men did before they left to fight in the war were now a women’s job.
For this reason women performed jobs that were supposed to be done by men. Those jobs included; cipher duties, clerical work, telephone switchboard operator, wireless telegraphic operator, coder duties, cook, steward, messenger, elevator operator, and motor transport driver. The Canadian Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (CWAAF) In July 2nd 1941, the Canadian Women’s Auxiliary Air Force was created by the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). This division was formed to release men from combat duties. Countless numbers of women enrolled and started training in the field of coastal defence, shipping protection and overseas duties.
Many women also worked in aircraft factories fixing damage warplanes. Women would work 80 hours a week helping save time and money by fixing planes so they could fly again rather then having to build new ones (HubPages). Doing so was a very effective way of getting more pilots in the air to help win the war. Women worked long and hard hours to help produce weaponry and tools for soldiers, which in the end, was one of the biggest factors to how
Women went back to working at home and jobs were taken over by men again. They say that World War One did very little to change the position of women in Britain. The truth is that World War One did change the lives of women but the extent was limited and their role in society was never the same as it had been before 1914. It is important to remember that if it wasn’t for their protest and demonstration before, women’s rights wouldn’t have been on the agenda of the government and change would have taken much longer. With so many young men enlisted in the army, the role women played was crucial, not only to the war
Using my own research i will discover whether the World War One had a positive effect on the role of women. After the immediate rise in female unemployment at the beginning of the war due to the ‘middle-classes wish to economise’ (first world war, accessed 07/01/09), the only option to replace the volunteers gone to front was to employ women in the jobs they had left behind. This was supported by all the major feminist groups, who suddenly ‘became avid patriots and organisers of the women in support of the war effort’ (war and gender, accessed 22/01/09). Overall women’s employment increased from ‘three million in 1914 to five million in 1918’ (Murphy, p373, 2000). For many of the women the war was ‘a genuinely liberating experience’ (first world war, accessed 07/01/09), and made the women feel useful as citizens.
World War One Roles of women in WW1 include: nurses, munitions factory workers, sewing bandages, and selling war bonds, shipyards and spies. The Women's Royal Air Force was created, which is where women worked on planes as mechanics. http://women-in-war2.tripod.com/ By 1917 68% of women had changed jobs since the war began, 16% had moved out of domestic service, 22% that were unemployed in 1914 now had work, and 23% had changed to different factories. http://ethankokkola.weebly.com/what-sort-of-jobs-did-women-have-during-wwi.html Women were also mainly in the war cause if it was not for them then the soldiers wouldn’t have any supplies , morale , comfort packs , making ammo , factory and clerical work. So women played a main role in the war as well as men because if someone was to be shot the medic which was normally a women would have to go and get him and try and help him.
Critical Evaluation Essay: Now We Can Begin Women fought for years for the right to be seen as an equal with men as well as working to change laws in America that would give them equal rights to men. Women campaigned for many years in order to push their ideas through to congress and to get the public to see what they were working so hard to gain. They would use words like inequality and inferior to catch the public’s attention. Eastman wrote in her article, “Now We Can Begin” about the struggles that women faced once women’s rights were passed under the 19th Amendment of the Constitution. Eastman makes it clear to her readers, that no matter the stance a woman takes on the women’s rights movement, a true feminist will always fight for what she believes in with courage and strength.
In 1920 Amelia flew for the first time to Los Angeles to visit her parents. She is later quoted as saying, “As soon as we left the ground, I knew I myself had to fly.” Shortly thereafter Amelia began flying lessons with Neta Snook, who was the first female instructor graduate of the Curtiss School of Aviation. Amelia decided she wanted to buy a plane after just three hours of instruction. With $2000 from a loan from her mother and working as a mail-sorter, Amelia was able to buy her first plane. The plane was an experimental, yellow Kinner Airster which she named “The Canary”.
Distinguished Flying Cross for this record.  She set many other records, wrote best-selling books about her flying experiences and was instrumental in the formation of The Ninety-Nines, an organization for female pilots.  Earhart joined the faculty of the Purdue University aviation department in 1935 as a visiting faculty member to counsel women on careers and help inspire others with her love for aviation. She was also a member of the National Woman's Party, and an early supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment.  During an attempt to make a circumnavigational flight of the globe in 1937 in a Purdue-funded Lockheed Model 10 Electra, Earhart disappeared over the central Pacific Ocean near Howland Island.