To what extent was the Great Depression the main reason for Hitler’s rise to power? One of the main reasons for Hitler’s rise to power was the effects of the Great Depression of 1929. After the Wall Street crash, the U.S. called in its loans to Germany thus increasing both poverty and unemployment levels. The Weimar government did not understand how to reverse the situation so the general public became angry and lost confidence in the relatively new democratic system. During a depression, political trends become extremist and so the Nazis flourished; Hitler offered both a scapegoat and himself as a strong leader to look up to.
The main reason for Hitler’s rise to power in January 1933 was the depression. How far do you agree? In January 1933 Hindenburg gave consent for Von Papen to appoint Hitler as Chancellor, this was after the 1932 elections where Nazi propaganda was proven to be most effective. There are a number of factors that help Hitler rise to power, however it is clear that the main ones were the depression, the back stairs intrigue, the weaknesses of the Weimar government and a few more. The Great Depression was mainly in America but it also had effects on the German economy too.
The Weimar Republic was created in 1918 after the Kaiser fell from power. The fact that he took over from the Kaiser angered the richer Germans who liked the Kaiser’s rule and wanted a monarchy back. Germany had never had a democracy before and people were used to being told what to do. Many were very suspicious and unsure about the new government. The Weimar Republic had signed the Treaty of Versailles, 1919, which increased their unpopularity.
The Depression which began in 1929 was a great mean for Hitler to come to his power. During the Depression (1929-33), the Weimar Republic was seriously undermined by the social and economic conditions, which were also exploited by the Nazi Party. The Nazi ideologies appealed to those people who had seen no hope on the Republic. The Party promised people jobs, money, and homes, plus, they also wanted to abolish the Treaty of Versailles so there wouldn’t be huge reparations. That’s what German people want; they liked to be reminded of the humiliation caused by the War, and they wanted to get it back from the Republic.
Arguably the biggest was the Wall Street Crash in 1929 and the following unemployment that followed. This could further be seen through the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic specifically with problems of the Article 48. Hitler’s own ability as a leader should also be considered as electoral success shows. Finally other reasons could be through violence and intimidation (SA and SS) and popular policies. However it can be argued that the roots of Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor in January 1933 lie in the disaster of the Wall Street Crash of 1829 and the subsequent depression.
How far can the failure of the League of Nations in the 1930s be blamed on the great depression? (10) After the initial optimism in the 1920s, the League of Nations faced a number of problems which resulted in the league becoming weaker and less respected which gradually led to its demise in 1946. It could be argued that this failure was due to the great depression because countries became more selfish and there was a rise of fascism and dictatorship which made it difficult for the league to achieve its aims of world peace and cooperation between countries, especially as the league weren’t following the rules themselves. On the other hand, there were many other contributing factors to the league’s failure such as the Manchurian crisis and the Abyssinian crisis due to the fact that both examples demonstrated the league’s weaknesses and indecisiveness. Therefore the failure of the league in the 1930s could be down to one or more of many factors.
These men went on to be known as the November criminals, a clear sign of the resentment the German people had for the men that had effectively gave in to the allies as they saw it. Though in truth they had no choice, the treaty’s vindictive terms and unreasonable reparations resulted in a shattered German economy; hyperinflation ensued with the price of everyday necessities skyrocketing, millions of the population went into poverty and unemployment levels hit 25%. Though the treaty of Versailles was not totally to blame for the economic crisis, as the Kaiser had borrowed huge amounts of money to pay for the war effort, it was the most significant cause, it not only led to economic troubles but also much of the political instability that led to the republic’s downfall who used the treaty and the
There were a number of factors throughout the period 1919-1934 which were responsible for the downfall of the Weimar Republic. The Weimar Republic's inability to deal with the increasingly dominant economic and social issues in Germany caused discontent throughout the country and consequently caused the German citizens to doubt the Republic. The actions of Hitler and the Nazi party were also a significant contributing factor to the destruction of the Weimar Republic, as as they gained support through their use of legality, propaganda and violence support for the Weimar Republic decreased. However the Weimar Republic's inability to deal with the problems of Germany was a more significant factor than the rise of the Nazis, as their failures were the main reason behind why the Nazis were able to gain power, demonstrating the Weimar Republic was mainly responsible for its own destruction. The failure of the Weimar Republic to fix the increasingly pressing problems of Germany consequently contributed massively to their downfall, as it demonstrated their weakness.
However these were compounded by other factors such as fundamental flaws in the democratic system, hyperinflation, the occupation of the Ruhr and the onset of the great depression. All of these factors in combination provided the situations where civil unrest, violence and revolution could place intolerable strain on the already struggling democratic Weimar republic. It is possible to trace the factors that led to the collapse of the Republic back the conditions of the TOV and its impact on the German economy. Therefore it can be said that the TOV was paramount in the fall of the Weimar Republic.
Various historians argue that it was in fact foreseen to fail due to the various complications that the Republic encountered, such as opposition from both sides of the political spectrum, the implications of the Treaty of Versailles and the impact of the Great Depression. Others argue that the Weimar Republic was a product of complex and painful compromises, and may in fact have survived had it not been for the economic conditions that riddled both Germany and the international economy. It was indeed inevitable that the Weimar Republic would have faced difficulties from the start; however, to say that the Weimar Republic was doomed is to some extent incorrect. The republic was beginning to overcome its difficulties during the mid-1920s as economic, political, and cultural improvements were occurring, and if it hadn’t been for the economic circumstances, the republic may have prospered for many years. From the very beginning, the Weimar republic encountered resistance from both sides of the political spectrum.