Totalitarian Regime

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Comparing The German , Italian And Soviet Totalitarian Regimes During the World War periods, there was three major totalitarian countries. Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union. World economic crisis had bad consequences on Germany producing six million unemployed.The Government seemed incapable to handle the situation and Wiemar republic was on the verge of collapse. Adolf Hitler used the situation using great propaganda against government, blaming them for all the problems in Germany and setting out Nazi solutions to the problems. In 1933 he became Chancellor and very soon Hitler lead democracy to exit. Weimar republic was dead and a totalitarian regime was established in Germany.A similar situation was in Italy where the Country…show more content…
The economic life of the country was closely organised. Religion was brought under state control because Hitler feared that churches could become source of opposition.Germany was a police state and the worst aspect of the Nazi system was Hitler's anti-Jewish policy. Hitler blamed them for all the bad in Germany, including humiliation at Versailles, depression, unemployment and communism. he deprived jews of German citizenship and banned them to marry non-Jews. Hitler started attacks on synagogues and other Jewish properties throughout the whole country. With the beginning of World War Two they were harassed in every possible way and taken to concentration camps. Hitler's final aim was to exterminate the entire Jewish race. In Italy Mussolini attempted to create a totalitarian state as well, but was never successful as Hitler. Fascism never seemed to take roots in Italy as deeply as the Nazi system in Germany. The Italian system was never brutal as the Nazi regime in Germany. Although there was great amount of violence at the beginning of Mussolini rule, all persistent system opponents were exiled or murdered, violence was much reduced when Mussolini felt more secure. Italian fascism was not particularly anti-Jewish or racist until…show more content…
Just like in Germany, education was closely supervised, teachers wore uniforms, and new textbooks were written. Mussolini also emphasized the close unity between all classes working together to achieve their aims. They created working unions where strikes and riots were forbidden. Mussolini tried to achieve full employment, but wasn't successful in that. In fact, unemployment in Italy rose and economic situation worsened. Many of his economic policies failed because of the regime that was inefficient and corrupt. Although Mussolini failed in many aspects of his rule, he was more successful than Hitler with his religious policy after his agreement with the Pope in 1929. Mussolini was aware of the influence that the Church had on people. So with the Lateran Treaty in 1929 Italy recognized Vatican as a sovereign state, accepted the Catholicism as the official state religion and in return Pope recognized the kingdom of Italy.In Italy, monarchy still remained and though Mussolini ignored king Emmanuel, the king played a role in Mussolini's fall, when he was able to announce Mussolini's dismissal and order his arrest. Unfortunately, there was nobody in Germany who could dismiss Hitler. Hitler's Nazi Germany had many similarities with Mussolini's fascist state, but also some important differences. Both systems were intensely anti-communist and anti-democratic. Both leaders
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