What Factors Led to the Collapse of Apartheid in South Africa? Essay

2125 Words9 Pages
HIST137: Second Essay What factors led to the collapse of Apartheid in South Africa? Apartheid South Africa, in the 1980s, had been declared an archaic pariah, the last bastion on earth where racial prejudice was formalized in the institutions of political sovereignty. From 1948-1994 apartheid was the regime in South Africa, this was an institutionalized system of racial segregation. While the political, economic and ideological contradictions of the apartheid system became recognized by the perpetrators, so did too the fact that the group whom the apartheid policy was aimed, the black majority, would resist. There were many factors which bought about the collapse of apartheid in South Africa. The predominant factors were international pressure from the international community, sporting boycotts, in particular the Springbok Tour in New Zealand 1981, and mass protest movements and anti-apartheid groups operating both in South Africa and outside. In the 30 years between 1960 and 1990, South Africa was subject to numerous sanctions formed by the international community with the aim to pressure South Africa into dismantling the apartheid system. The international community began to take notice of the brutality of the apartheid regime after it was broadcast that white South African police open fired on unarmed black protesters in the town of Sharpville in 1960, killing 69 people and wounding 186 others. International efforts to abolish the apartheid system date back to the early 60s, in response to the African National Congress’s (ANC) appeal for international solidarity in 1958. In 1962, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly passed a resolution that deemed apartheid to be a violation of South Africa’s obligations under the UN Charter, and a threat to international peace and security. The resolution requested Member States to break off diplomatic relations with

More about What Factors Led to the Collapse of Apartheid in South Africa? Essay

Open Document