Slavery Was Abolished in the United States

599 Words3 Pages
Slavery was abolished in the United States in 1863 by President Abraham Lincoln. However, black Americans could not live equal lives as white American citizens for a long time. There was public segregation that made blacks inferior to whites. Black civil rights activists stood up against this as a response, demanding for desegregation. In this essay, I will talk about methods used by black civil rights organizations, and the changes brought as a result of this in the United States from 1954 to 1957. One significant method used by the black civil rights activists was legal approach. Many states of USA had segregated schools for white children and black children. Schools for black children often had fewer and lower quality equipments and supplies for students. Oliver Brown, a black parent, was not happy with this inequality that he brought a case in the US District Court against the Topeka Board of Education. However, the black parents were unsuccessful. They decided to take their case to the US Supreme Court, supported by legal experts from the NAACP. On Monday 17, May 1954, Oliver Brown finally won his case and defeated the doctrine of “separate but equal”. Although the legal outcome was positive, desegregation at schools were unsuccessful in most Southern states. Unfortunately, 91 out of every 100 black students still attended segregated schools in 1964, ten years after the Brown case. Another significant method used by the MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association) was boycotting the buses, which helped blacks take one step forward towards desegregation. The bus boycott was actually set on fire by a black American woman named Rosa Parks. On 1 December 1955, Mrs Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger, which she was told to do by the city law. She ended up being arrested as a result of her action. This was the perfect opportunity for black
Open Document