West Vs. East: From Aid To Russia During World War II

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West versus East 1. Truman cut off aid to Russia because of Stalin's insistence on having communist governments in eastern Europe. 2. By 1947, many Americans believed that Stalin was trying to export communist revolution throughout Europe and the world. 3. The Marshall Plan was established to help European economic recovery; the Truman Doctrine was meant to ward off communist subversion with military aid. 4. The Soviet blockade of Berlin led to a successful Allied airlift. 5. In 1949, the United States formed an antiSoviet military alliance of Western governments, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); in return, Stalin united his satellites in the Warsaw Pact. 6. In 1949, communists won in China. 7. In 1950, when communist North Korea invaded the south, Americanled UN…show more content…
8. The American General MacArthur wanted to invade China but President Truman said no and fired him; in 1953 a Korean truce was negotiated. 9. The Western attempt to check Stalin probably came too late and may have A. B. A divided and economically weak Europe made a huge turn-around within a generation after 1945. The postwar challenge 1. The war left Europe physically devastated and in a state of economic and moral crisis. a. Food rationing was necessary. b. Russia's border had been pushed west, as was Poland's; thus, many Germans were forced to resettle in a greatly reduced Germany. c. All the Allies treated Germany harshly. 2. New leaders and new parties, especially the Catholic Christian Democrats, emerged in Italy, France, and Germany and provided effective leadership and needed reforms. 3. In many countries, such as Britain, France, and Italy, socialists and communists emerged from the war with considerable power and a strong desire for social reform. 4. The Marshall Plan aided in economic recovery and led to the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC); military protection was provided through
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