The Similarities and Differences of Ethical Theories Mike Dyer ETH/316 November 18, 2013 Michelle Clark-Washington The Similarities and Differences of Ethical Theories There are many types of theories that coincide with virtues, values, and moral concepts to help one decide on what is right and wrong. I will be discussing the similarities and differences between three types of theories and how each theory addresses ethics and morality. These theories are virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Similarities Society, and we as individuals, want to achieve a common goal with ethics and morality. That goal is to do what is morally right, if it be through pleasure to avoid pain.
Similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics ETH316 Saloman Chavira, MBA . What I have come to realize by reading these chapters are that virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontology theories try to establish a moral standard that a virtuous person can live and act upon and by. With these types of approaches to ethics, you have similarities and differences that always will be judged and taken apart piece by piece and evaluated. Just one of the similarities between these theories are that they set a standard by which a good and moral human being can live by within a community or even as a loner or someone that lives outside of a community with family. It is said that virtue ethics measures a person by his or her character and moral standing within a community in determination of his or her good.
Ethics Awareness Inventory Analysis THE ACCEPTABLE PLATFORM OF ETHICAL ANALYSIS IS TO FOCUS ON IMPROVING THE WELL-BEING OF INDIVIDUALS. ESTABLISHING AN INDIVIDUAL’S MORAL THOUGHT PROCESS CAPABILITIES IS VITAL BECAUSE AS HUMAN BEINGS THERE IS A SOLID PROPENSITY REGARDING BIGOTRY, SELFISHNESS, AND SELF-ABSORPTION. IN MANY INSTANCES, PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN ORGANIZATIONS CONFLICTS WITH HIS OR HER PERSONAL ETHICS. PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL VIEWS FROM MY PERSONAL ETHICAL PERSPECTIVE, IT IS A DUTY OR AN OBLIGATION TO DO EVERYTHING WITHIN HIS OR HER POWER TO STRIVE TO DO WHAT IS RIGHT. PERSONAL ETHICS STRUCTURE PERSONAL DECISIONS AND BEHAVIORS, AND PROVIDE A GUIDE POST FOR MORAL ACTIONS (RUGGIERO, 2008).
Next on the basis of James Rachel’s argument against ethical egoism will try to answer the question posed. This essay will also discuss the common sense view is the most appropriate way to act in most of the cases. Ethical Egoism is a normative theory, a theory which states how one should behave. It states that promotion of one’s own good is in accordance with morality. In other way we can state that it is always moral to promote self-interest and it is not moral not to promote it.
All attempts to define what a leadership is always end up being what a good leadership is. Some leaders are ethical but not lucky and vice versa. Ethics is effectiveness in certain instances. Deontological and teleological theories have resemblance with ethics and effectiveness. Deontological locate ethics in the action of moral intent while teleological locate ethics in the action of result of the leader.
This is an idea which is absolute and according to Kant, the way we decide the morality of an action. Kantian ethics explains that for something to be good, the only true motivation behind it would be Good Will, with desire or instinct considered and the only purpose being to fulfil your duty and act morally. These moral principles are thought to be categorical imperatives which everyone should abide by even if they are of no benefit to them, There are three principles of the categorical imperative, the first being the universal law. It was believed that you should only act on a maxim, which is a personal law or rule. If you would not want the rule to be universalised, you should not be completing the action.
Therefore, actions are inherently moral or immoral, regardless of the beliefs and goals of the individual, society or culture that engages in the action. The theory holds that morals are inherent in the law of the universe, the nature of humanity, the will of god, or some other fundamental source. Thus, the theory recognizes objective facts about morality: moral claims are either true or false for everyone. One such relative theorist, Hobbes, argues for morality as a solution for practical problems. Morality, in his system, is a vehicle to move from state of nature into law of nature, and is a move mandated by self-interest.
The weakness of Virtue Ethics outweighs its strengths – Discuss. Virtue ethics is the ethics of us as persons and argues that morality is not about duties. There are a number of arguments for and against virtue ethics, and most for, argue for the formation and growth of us via phronesis or practical wisdom, which allows us to make the right decisions by using our conscience. Virtue ethics is mainly supported by Aristotle. It is based on different virtues that a person should have, so that they can then reach Euadamonia.
ETHICAL LENS INVENTORY Ethical lens Inventory is used as a way to identify what values are more important to us as an individual.The inventory allows us to see ethical issues clearly whenever we have ethical dilemma without clear option/choice and it also helps to learn how to resolve them better.People have different priorities and different values helps to respect each others point of views. There are four primary ethical perspectives. Two of them are to help us to determine using Rationality(critical thinking ) are: 1)Rights&Responsibility Lens:you use your rationality to how to live with universal rules. 2)Relationship Lens:Its about equality of community so that everybody gets treated fairly. The other two of the ethical lenses are using your Sensibility (Intuition) which means using your intuition and emotions for our behavior to be ethical are : 1)Results Lens:using your sensibility to decide your decisions which will make you happy and adds more happiness to your life.
Deontological ethics Deontological ethics or deontology fits my beliefs, deontology leans towards “obligation, duty," these ethics judges a person’s moral actions based on the action's adherence to a rule or rules. Deontologist’s ethics look at rule and duties. I have chosen deontological moral systems because they show the characterized of independents moral rules or duties, people must be able to make the correct moral choices, we have to understand what our moral duties are and what correct rules exist to regulate those duties. When we follow our duty, we are behaving morally. When we fail to follow our duty, we are behaving immorally or in a utilitarianism manner.