Is Ethical Egoism a Good Moral Theory ?

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Is Ethical Egoism A Good Moral Theory? Umair Safdar 2017-11-0159 This paper will look forward to Ethical Egoism is a good moral theory or not. Firstly notion of Ethical Egoism and how it is different from Psychological Egoism will be discussed. Later it will discuss the Ayn Rand’s argument in the favor of ethical egoism and its validity. Next on the basis of James Rachel’s argument against ethical egoism will try to answer the question posed. This essay will also discuss the common sense view is the most appropriate way to act in most of the cases. Ethical Egoism is a normative theory, a theory which states how one should behave. It states that promotion of one’s own good is in accordance with morality. In other way we can state that it is always moral to promote self-interest and it is not moral not to promote it. So it is a moral duty of every person to pursue his or her own interest. According to Ethical Egoism, there is only one ultimate principle of conduct, the principle of self-interest, and this principle sums up all of one’s natural duties and obligations. The only way, through which you can help others, according to Ethical Egoism, if it is in someone’s best interest to help others. Ethical Egoism talks only about the self-interest which is better for the person over long run. Some self-interest can be good in short run but they can be harmful in long run so self-interest must only be pursued if it is beneficial for the person over the long run. If a person smokes, it gives pleasure for the short time but it is harmful for him for the long run because it can cause lung cancer. So according to Ethical Egoism one should not smoke because it is not in his best interests over the long run. On the other hand Psychological egoism is a descriptive theory concerned with how people do behave. It describes human nature as being utterly self-motivated.
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