With that being said, while a minimum wage increase may lift some families out of poverty, they push even more families into poverty as employers try to control cost by eliminating jobs, displacing low skilled adults for more productive employees or shaving work schedules. Equally important, raising the minimum wage can have the unintended consequence of actually costing the working poor most of the higher earning accompanying their wage increases. A mandated increase may reduce government assistance programs, such as food stamps, Medicare benefits, housing subsidies and even welfare payments. You can therefore state, as earned incomes rises, public assistance
However, pensioners will be hit hard because the extra income they earn from saving will have dramatically reduced, making them worse off. On the other hand, savers may leave the pound for better interest rates in other countries (hot money), causing a fall in the demand for the pound. As a result the value of the pound will fall, making exports cheaper and there will be an injection of net exports. In conclusion, the impact of loose monetary policy will be beneficial to the economy because extra consumption and investment will cause AD to increase which will increase economic growth. However, it takes a long time for changes in interest rates to feed through to consumption and investment and by then the economy may have gotten worse.
One of the problems is that it reduces the funds available for businesses to invest. People are attracted to high interest rates and the security of investing in the government which attracts them use their savings and profits to buy bonds. However, money spend on the government is one fewer dollar for investments. Crowding-out effect is caused because of loss of funds for private investment due to government borrowing. It hurts and slows down economic growth.
The reasoning being job lossduring the Great Recession combined with higher wages like construction, manufacturing and finance hard, also job growth has is in low-wage industries. This is not a short term trend and the government is showing that to protect its citizens from going below their standard of living, hitting poverty level, more consumers spending and protecting them from employers. The standard of living is different from whomever you may talk to. Setting a minimum wage deriving from ones standard of living has many aspects to it such as; general economic conditions, nominal gross domestic product; inflation labor supply and demand, business operating costs and the number and trend of bankruptcies. Every-one citizen needs to have minimum salary needed to maintain minimum living standard.
If there is no minimum amount the company has to pay, it can save some costs that it might otherwise incur. 2. The company can hire more people at a lower income and in fact decrease unemployment 3. B. Deprives students and low skilled workers an opportunity to make an earning (Rector) 1. Minimum wage actually make low-income citizens and students worse off by pricing them out of a job due to their minimal skill sets and resources 2.
I do not agree with her as well on raising the bank reserve requirements as it can restrain lending from banks and as a result it will shrink the economy growth. After analyzing my colleagues’ recommendations, and as the president’s senior economic advisor, I recommend the following: * We should lower income taxes. This shall increase the aggregate demand as the consumer disposable income will increase, which leads to an increase in the consumer spending. If the consumer spending increases, it will bring back up the flow of business and operations which means more jobs opening in the market and low unemployment rates. * Lowering banks’ interest rates.
The less expansion, the less inflation. However, if the economy is slowing down, interest rates will decrease. This allows banks and businesses to borrow more cheaply, which results in them being able to higher more workers and produce more goods. The monitoring of inflation is very important in the US. Inflation has many negative affects.
Minimum wage increases an individual annual salary, bumping the employee into a higher marginal tax bracket. But positive effects from minimum wage increases are usually erased through higher marginal tax rates. Employees may also face a reduction in working hours. Businesses attempting to lower operating costs often reduce employee hours to save on payroll expenses.
As the capital is put back into the economy the demand for supplies will go up. As the demand rises the amount of supplies will also rise increasing the need for employees and in turn putting more available spending capital in the hands of the buyers. By increasing government spending there is more money being put back into the pockets of the people. This return in turn frees up capital citizens are able to put back into goods and services increasing demand. Lowering taxes can also leave money in citizen’s pockets but it also takes away from the amount of money the government is able to use to stimulate the economy by spending.
The recession of 2007 and 2009 has affected everyone, but mostly middle class people are the ones who are hit the hardest when it comes to economic troubles. Oil prices and inflation of prices in other markets had affected the middle class’ confidence in product consumption. With less private spending, an economy cannot thrive. That is why it was important that the tax cuts were issued to help increase this spending. If people spend more then more jobs are created and business investments are made to further help increase total GDP.