(South Carolina Judicial Department ) The state of South Carolina also has a Court of Appeals. The Court can sit as three panels of judges or it can sit as a whole. The Court listens to arguments and motions in any county of the state of South Carolina. The Court of Appeals was created to hear appeals from The Circuit Court and Family Court. On September 1, 1983 The Court of Appeals, also known as the judicial system’s newest court began operation.
In this essay, we will consider the performance of UK Parliament in 3 main functions: making laws, representation and controlling the Executive. The name “legislature” suggests that Parliament has something to do with making law. Although this is not the primary function, but still, undoubtedly appropriate as most laws certainly have to get the assent from both Houses ( the Lords and the Commons ) and Parliament can amend or defeat any law easily. Debates on bills constitute about 40% of the time spent on the floor of the Houses and in theory give backbenchers-people who support the government or the opposition, opportunity to infuence the shape of legislation with their speech. Along with the rising number of back-bench rebellions and MPs defeating government’s proposals such as the Syria war in 2011, it can be seen that Parliament is performing well in making laws.
Scotland was an sovereign state until 1707 when they came under the control of the United Kingdom. Scotland does however have a limited self-government within the United Kingdom and is also represented in the United Kingdom Parliament. The United Kingdom Parliament has power over Scotland's taxes, social security, defense, broadcasting, and international relations. Where as the Scottish Parliament has legislative pwer of all other areas for Scotland. (Scotland, n.a.)
State enforcement officials are normally elected by county voters in most states. They are sheriffs with their own deputies which are usually responsible for patrolling an area's state and federal routes, areas that are not policed municipalities. They deliver papers to people who are being sued for things like foreclosure and more. They are in some ways like municipal police, however they can enforce local, state or federal laws on the front lines. Many states have highway patrol and, or state police officers who commonly are found along highways enforcing state traffic, criminal or civil laws.
Rather than detail areas of which the parliament can legislate, the Act lists matters which are reserved by the UK Parliament. Areas of devolved matters include; Civil, Criminal Law, The Police and Fire Services and Agriculture and Food, The Scottish Parliament can only legislate in areas which are devolved and concerning Scotland, legislation must be compatible with the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Union. It does not have the authority to legislate on matters which concern other countries within the United Kingdom. In conclusion, The Scottish Parliament can only legislate for or in relation to Devolved Matters as described in Section 29 of the Scotland Act 1988. Word Count: 202 Question 2: Briefly explain the civil court structure in Scotland.
They hear felony cases, land title cases, and election contest cases. In some counties, district courts can hear family law and probate matters. Fourteen appellate courts — in Houston, Fort Worth, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas, Texarkana, Amarillo, El Paso, Beaumont, Waco, Eastland, Tyler, and Corpus Christi — hear appeals from the district courts. The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals is the state's highest criminal court. It hears all appeals of death penalty cases as well as criminal cases decided at the 14 mid-level appellate courts in the state.
Common law systems are very complicated. The United States is a common law country. All states except for Louisiana are common law states. Common law has no statutory basis; judges establish common law through written opinions that are binding on future decisions of lower courts in the same jurisdiction. Broad areas of the law, most notably relating to property, contracts and torts are
Parliament in Britain is generally regarded as making laws that apply to the entire population but there is no universal agreement that it should have unlimited power to make laws of whatever kind. In many constitutions, legal limits on parliament to make laws are set out in their written constitutions but as Britain does not have such a written constitution, does it mean that there are no legal limits on parliament? The traditional doctrine of Parliamentary sovereignty was first defined by Dicey in the 19th century in his book “The Law of the Constitution”. According to Dicey’s theory, parliamentary sovereignty means, “the right to make or unmake any law whatever; and further, that no person or body is recognized by the law of England as having a ride to override or set asides the legislation of parliament.” This idea of parliament being sovereign was formed at time where England was not a democratic country and it could be argued that this theory is dated and can no longer be regarded as an immutable part of UK Constitutional law. If Dicey’s theory is placed in historical context, it was produced in a very different political environment to today.
Jennifer Hodges Week 4 History There are many differences between the Constitution and the articles of Confederation. With the Articles of Confederation the states are sovereign with no independent executive. The laws were also enforced by the states and only the state courts could act on the people. With the Articles of Confederation nothing could be amended without the agreement of all states. The congress under the articles had no power over tax or over interstate and foreign commerce.
What comes to the system of justice, the British one quite differs from the Russian. Both are called an adversarial system, however, while in the UK court can only decide ‘yes’ or ‘no’ to a particular proposition, in Russia it has to ascertain the whole picture of a crime. Like in the UK there are also two distinct kinds of lawyer in Russia. Nevertheless, not only do they have different names, but also their functions differ. In Britain a barrister is a lawyer, who presents cases in court and a solicitor always performs all the routine work.