Who is responsible for Macbeth’s downfall? In everyday life, people tend to pressure others into making wrong decisions. In Macbeth, Shakespeare successfully portrays Macbeth, whose life is full of sorrow and crime from the foolish decisions he makes. However, most of his mistakes are made under the influence of other evil forces. His series of crimes begins with the witches planting the idea of murder the king in his head.
He commits murder and puts his entire kingdom in danger. Still, many of his evil acts are committed while he is under the influence of the Weird Sisters and Lady Macbeth, who are often considered to be the true villains of the play. At the end of the play, Macbeth realizes the evil he has committed and seems to feel sorrow for such. Because of this realization Macbeth is often viewed as a tragic hero, for tragic heroes almost always recognize the errors they have committed by the end of their stories and seek, in some manner, to atone for them. Macbeth is indeed a bit too complex to be categorised as a villain or a hero.
She noted several patients at Blackwell were not crazy, the treatment was cruel, and the conditions were poor. The impact of insane asylums on America’s culture has flooded the nation with horror movies, books, and stories. Insane asylums were looked at like prisons. The insane were thought to be dangerous and incurable and were left to decay. In many paintings and movies patients are chained to walls, drugged, and forced to endure cruel treatment.
In the Tragedy of Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare, the reader is made to question what type of person Macbeth is and what caused Macbeth to commit the horrible crimes that he did. Throughout the start of the play there are many different causes that could have led to his fall into madness. One of them is the witches, whom instigate the downfall of Macbeth and the beginning of his madness, but as the story goes on, Lady Macbeth also convinces him to commit murder, and as the story comes to its conclusion, Macbeth himself decides to kill more innocents, leaving the reader with the consideration of who is really responsible for the murders. The first group to convince Macbeth to commit murder are the three witches, the witches first confront Macbeth and Banquo at the beginning of the play and tell them their prophecies of the future. They say to Macbeth that he will be king “All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter!”, and that Banquo will be a father of kings saying “Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none”.
The authors, Caroline B. Cooney, Harper Lee and William Shakespeare write of violence in their novels and play. In Enter Three Witches, the author writes that people who dislike others and are angry eventually meet a violent end. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Lee writes that people who are racist are also dishonest and will also eventually meet a violent end. Shakespeare also argues that people who do not except others will meet tragedy. Cooney uses MacBeth to prove her thesis; whereas, Lee uses the character Bob Ewell to prove her thesis, and Shakespeare uses Tybalt to prove his argument.
One could argue that “Macbeth” is Shakespeare’s most excessively violent and horrific play as it is “more imaginative, subtle and complex than any other plays” (Spurgeon), validated by the fact that there are over one hundred references to “blood” throughout. Additionally, the protagonist is tarnished as a “butcher” by Malcolm due to his savagery and violence exhibited throughout the course of the play, ultimately inflicting fear onto the audience- both contemporary and modern. Technically, “Macbeth” is regarded as a pre-gothic text as it was published before the term “gothic” was first used. However, Shakespeare has incorporated many gothic elements throughout to inflict the same effect on the audience as what a pure gothic text would, like Dracula. Shakespeare initially exposes the audience to violence in the opening Act, as the “weird sisters” inform us about the existing conflict between England and Scotland.
We turn off the lights when watching scary movies, and when it’s time to go to bed, we secretly make sure the closet doors are shut. Fear keeps our hearts pumping and endorphins rushing, for it is an emotion that reminds us of our mortality. How ironic it is to experience more life in our fascination with death. The two legendary writers, Poe and King, have ruled the universe of death and horror with remarkable success, both gifted with the talent of introducing each reader to his or her own subconscious fears. Edgar Allan Poe and Stephen King are the masters of their craft, blessed- or perhaps cursed- with imaginations that set higher standards in the field of writing.
Ultimately, Cosi fan Tutte is about madness, however the play also demonstrates the significance of love and fidelity throughout. Focused on the idea of mental illness “madness” the play Cosi is performed completely within the walls of a burnt down theatre which is symbolic in to the rough unethical treatment the patients would receive on a daily basis. Mental illness was looked upon as a social abnormality, there for the treatment process in the 1970’s differed to the way in which we deal with mental illness in modern society as people within the 70’s who had addictions were classed as socially abnormal “mad” and therefor institutionalised, evident within Julies case within the asylum. Roy quotes “asylums are the most inefficient places on earth” which further translates Nowra’s idea how the image portrayed upon mental illness within society was an image that believed asylums purely existed to free the “sane” from the “mad”. Although Nowra intentions reflect the idea of love and fidelity, madness was definitely a
In comparison to Macbeth it is not power but Schizophrenia which takes its toll on the interpersonal relationships and intimacy in the film. In Brozel’s film Macbeth, the opening scene is of the garbage dump, surrounding crows and a dim, grey sky. The use of these elements in the film generates a sinister, foreboding atmosphere and prepares the audience for the death and evil that awaits them later in the film. This is also apparent in Shakespeare’s Macbeth, where the witches depict the road of suffering: “When shall we three meet again? In thunder, lightning, or in rain?” This refers to Macbeth’s destructive decisions leading him to murder which goes against natural order
Presence of Evil Between the Lines When evil is presented in a fashion that is quite simple to manipulate to satisfy one’s needs, it is usually taken advantage of. Although Macbeth and the remainder of the characters only existed within the invented pages of William Shakespeare’s book Macbeth, they still fell into the trap of allowing the evil around them to take over their lives. The three witches and Hecate, the act of murder, the murder of King Duncan the slaying of Banquo and the presence of his ghost, Lady Macbeth and her sleepwalking all signify different aspect of evil. The presence of evil in Macbeth affected the characters within the play, how they carried about their lives, and the total outcome of the play. By creating a false sense of destiny within Macbeth, the three witches are considered as a significant role portraying evil within the play.