To what extent was Lenin responsible for the successful outcome of the October Revolution? Essay

2334 WordsMar 13, 200910 Pages
The October revolution is a highly debated event that changed the face of Russian politics - creating a Soviet state ruled by communists for more than seventy years. The Bolsheviks were a small party of professionals who had promised, in Lenin’s April Theses, ‘Peace, Bread, Land and Workers’ Control’. By the time of October, the Provisional Government was unpopular, failing and lacked any authority (“unbelievable ineptitude” ); they had lost control and “the Bolsheviks had…become the most popular alternative to the Provisional Government” . Of the many mistake made by the Provisional Government, that almost certainly played into the hands of Lenin’s scheming, the Kornilov Affair was a disaster with Kerensky and the Provisional Government arming the Bolsheviks to protect them. The time was right to take control and replace the temporary body with Lenin’s communist regime, based upon the theories of Karl Marx. Without Lenin, this revolution would have barely taken off the ground. His ideology is undoubtedly the theory behind the revolution of the people, but perhaps it is unfair to say that Lenin was fully responsible for the successful outcome - there are others who can claim a part in this Revolution. Predominantly Trotsky, who was a “fiery orator and revolutionary leader” , led the revolution and action on the ground, also he later implemented the Provisional Government in trying to attack the Soviet bodies, giving the Bolsheviks a reason for taking control. The October revolution was an uprising against the Provisional Government led by the Bolsheviks, however there is much debate surrounding who actually commanded the revolution - was it Lenin’s theory or Trotsky’s actions that led to the Bolsheviks success in October? The difference in opinions, as a generalisation, stems from the different schools of historians; the Soviet interpretation pushes Lenin to the
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