To What Extent Does the Prime Minister Dominate the Political System of the Uk? Essay

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To what extent does the Prime Minister dominate the political system of the UK? The political branch concerned with the assembling of policy and the proposal of most legislation is called the executive. The traditional position of the prime minister within the executive branch is considered as ‘primus inter pares’, meaning ‘first among equals’. This implements the idea that the prime minister is merely the leading minister, preeminent in terms of reasonable respect and authority, among other similarly responsible ministers. However, since the 1950s, many have argued that the growth of prime ministerial power as a consequence of aspects such as the media, have led to an increase in dominance over the cabinet. In this essay, I will be arguing in favour of why I believe the prime minister is portrayed to dominate the UK’s political system to a large extent. The prime minister acquires many powers that have varied over the past years for different prime ministers depending on individual strength and personality. For example, a strong figure such as Margaret Thatcher may have taken full affect of her formal and actual powers as opposed to a less authoritative figure such as John Major. Prime ministerial power partly originates from being appointed by the Queen and it is they who then have the authority to hire, fire, promote and demote all ministers within their cabinet and government. Patronage is a strengthening asset for the prime minister as the power to control political careers of other ministers as well as a majority of backbenchers ensures that they remain loyal and supportive. More powers of the prime minister include long-standing powers such as the royal prerogative, where sovereignty is exercised on behalf of the monarch, and cabinet management, a recently-developing power where the prime minister has the capability to chair, manage and convene cabinet
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