To Kill a Mockingbird Theme Analysis

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Some of the major issues and concerns conveyed by Harper Lee in To Kill a Mockingbird (TKAM) are the concepts of prejudice, courage and innocence and childhood and how these are represented in the novel through various techniques and symbols. In the novel we see the racial morals of characters, like Atticus Finch and Bob Ewell, conflicting to create events that instigate racial uproar in the town of Maycomb. We explore the issues through Scout's interpretation of the events, as well as experiencing her innocence from the situation because of her childhood. Through the trial of Tom Robinson, readers are able to witness the courage of Atticus Finch, defending a Negro in a racially biased society when knowing he may not be successful with his endeavours. The main concern and issue in TKAM is the concept of prejudice. In the text, prejudice is represented mainly through the racial inequality in the town of Maycomb . In the text, we see Atticus' belief in treating and respecting everyone as an individual contrasted with a number of other wold views. The aspect of racism is shown when the people of Maycomb accept the testimony of an obviously corrupt white man. “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view... Until you climb inside of his skin and walk around in it.”. This quote reveals that Atticus is mainly focusing on the racial aspect of prejudice as it is the most dominant form of prejudice in TKAM. As well as showing that he understands the ethic of empathy and understanding, that he preaches to Scout and Jem. Atticus also proves how the people of Maycomb do not understand Negros as they have not experienced the abuse that comes with the colour of your skin. In the novel there is also the aspect of classism in prejudice with the hierarchy of families being instilled into the society of Maycomb. "There's four kinds of
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