The Summoning of Everyman

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The Summoning of Everyman ENGL 102: Literature and Composition Summer 2011 APA – Psychology – Christian Counseling THESIS: The prevailing theme is death and how Everyman confronts death. OUTLINE: A. Introduction a. History b. Morality Play c. Allegory B. Summary d. Vices e. Virtues C. Theology f. Death D. Conclusion The Summoning of Everyman The Summoning of Everyman (commonly known as Everyman Adu-Gyamfi & Schmidt, 2011 pp265-287) is a morality play written during the 1400s. The prevailing theme is death and how Everyman confronts death. The author is unknown; however, historians have noted that monks and priests often wrote these types of plays. Fletcher notes Everyman is possibly a translation from a Dutch play Elckerlijc (Fletcher, 1918 pp, 112). The development of the Morality Play was in part from the desire to teach principles of Christian living in such a way that common, uneducated people could understand. A Morality Play is a dramatized moral allegory. The majority of actors in a Morality Play personify abstract qualities or concepts, such as virtues, vices, or death. The hero is usually a representative of all humanity. Presented to the hero are two definitely opposing groups of virtues and vices. The most common type of Morality Play presents a brief glimpse at the entire story of the hero's life, the life of every man. The Morality Play usually begins with the hero living a foolish, sinful life and shows how God’s mercy prevails and the hero receives assurance of salvation. An allegory is a narrative in verse or prose in which the persons, places and things consistently point to a parallel sequence of symbolic ideas. An allegory has two levels of meaning: a literal level that tells a surface story – a man is going on a journey, and a symbolic level in which the
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