America is portrayed as a land with a bright future that needs the people suffering from the injustices to fight for what they deserve. It is up to those who are underprivileged to stand up and fight for their rights. Those who are living the American dream are not going to willingly give up their own freedom and rights to give it to other groups, who they see as undeserving. Contrary to their belief, all Americans are worthy of the American dream under the United States Constitution. It states, "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
The character Peter Keating embodies altruism and only feels he shouldn’t exist for his own sake but the services that he receives from others reason for existing is for fame and approval for others. Peter Keating lives off of his good looks, success and people around him. To have resources to only justify his own existence, self- sacrifice is only his highest right of responsibility, benefit, and importance. Peter will do whatever it takes to succeed in this world even if it means stealing, lying, or Killing. "He had forgotten his first building, and the fear and doubt of its birth.
The two men are on completely different ends of some form superiority complex. Gatsby apparently does not care about what the world thinks of him. He simply has an overwhelmingly grand amount of hope, and it is this hope that motivates him to live onward towards the future. These two characters work well together because Gatsby shows Carraway that there is a difference between thinking your superior and actually being superior. [Tom] In chapter two, Fitzgerald introduces the Buchanans.
One’s first interest is self-preservation, but “Lockean self-interest proves to be inseparable from service to others.” (West, 2008, p. 594) Locke also speaks of Biblical principles where a man born free must work for himself and not live off the labor of others. Men have duties as well as rights and one of those duties is that of citizenship, or civic duty. (West, 2008) This is a point missed by many Americans today. With today’s fast-paced and hectic life style, many are just trying to survive the day-to-day grind. Every American is equal under the law and they can all quote you their rights, but many do not realize that political participation and civic involvement are a duty and not an option.
Winston Smith knows and understands that Ingsoc and Big Brother are committing an injustice of their own:”To the future or the past, to a time when thought is free when men are different than one anther and do not live alone... To a time when truth exists and what is done cannot be undone. (Orwell.I.II.40) This quote is considered a thought crime as Winston Smith reveals that in the past, they were allowed to be different from one another. It proves that Winston Smith is well aware of the fact that the party and Big Brother are creating a world where no one is unique. For example in the novel everyone would have to refer each other as comrades, this was a way for Ingsoc to have more control over the Oceania. The Brotherhood is non existent to many of the citizens of Oceania because to them there is no one better than Big Brother and Ingsoc, but to Winston Smith it would be his savior and in his heart he wished for it to be true.
Locke viewed the state of nature as a state of equality and freedom. Locke believed that government is necessary in order to maintain the state of nature. But Hobbes believed that government is necessary in order to control natural law. Hobbes and Locke see mankind’s characteristics in the state of nature in very different ways. Hobbes says that the life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.
The proof that the state is a creation of nature and prior to the individual is that the individual, when isolated, is not self-sufficing; and therefore he is like a part in relation to the whole. (Fiero, 2011). But he who is unable to live in society, or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself, must be either a beast or a god: he is no part of a state. A social instinct is implanted in all men by nature, and yet he who first founded the state was the greater of benefactors.The one thing that would immediately mark you out in early Roman society as one having just arrived from the future is a kind of suspicious character with chaotic inclinations, weaknesses, and false values. (Historylearningsite.co.uk, 2000).
Gandhi was neither super-human nor special or divine. Those that looked to him for direction really embraced and found strength in the idea that they were “human” just like him. Gandhi states that “Individual liberty and interdependence are both essential to life in society,” and he links these two ideas. Despite often being depicted as mutually exclusive, these two ideas are very much an integral part of the teachings that Gandhi tried to get his followers to understand and relate to. People, by their very existence, are meant to be free and maintain a level of individual liberty.
He believed it was right that everyone stay in their place and work together for the common good of the state and its citizens, and similarly to Socrates, believed it to be unacceptable to disobey those in a higher position than yourself. While each of the philosopher’s views has their merits, and each has something to contribute to society, I do not personally agree with either of their views in full. I do not agree with submission to authority without question, because the leaders of any state are just as human as their
self-made men throughout history have made their own way in life by reaching deep inside themselves and through willpower and self-improvement, creating their own destiny. Moreover the "good luck theory", attributing success to chance and friendly circumstances does not applied here. It is not luck that makes a man a self-made man, but considerable physical and mental effort. "There is nothing good, great or desirable […], that does not come by some kind of labor” said a thinker and a self-made man himself, Frederick Douglass. Similar to Franklin, Douglass underlines the importance of hard work as a