John Locke and Thomas Hobbes

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Hua Zhe Yang World History John Locke and Tomas Hobbes John Locke and Tomas Hobbes were two main philosophers during the seventeen century. Hobbes is the author of Leviathan and Locke is the author of an essay concerning Human Understanding. In their books they both wrote about characteristics of man, the natural law in life, and the structure of government. Hobbes and Locke had very different opinions about the characteristic of man. Hobbes view man as being generally evil, unlike Locke who viewed man being good. But they both agree that under the natural law men are all equal, no one has more power than another. However their idea about natural law is different. Thomas Hobbes says in the state of nature is a state of war which everyone is the enemy of everyone. Locke viewed the state of nature as a state of equality and freedom. Locke believed that government is necessary in order to maintain the state of nature. But Hobbes believed that government is necessary in order to control natural law. Hobbes and Locke see mankind’s characteristics in the state of nature in very different ways. Hobbes says that the life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. Hobbes also believed that men are all selfish and men are supposed to be evil to survive. Hobbes didn’t believe man can be good but men are born to be evil. In the other hand Locke believed that the life of man is solitary and poor. Locke believed that men are governed by reason. He thinks that men are capable of thinking, and everyone can coexist peacefully. Hobbes and Locke disagree on men behavior and natural character. But they also disagree on how natural law works. The main idea that Thomas and John both agree in is the all men are equal in the state of nature. For Hobbes being in the state of nature is being in the state of war. Where every man is the enemy of every man and every man
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