The Depression of the 1930's and Its Impact on Liverpool

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The Depression of the 1930s and its impact on Liverpool. According to McIntyre-Brown and Woodland (2001), Liverpool’s gateway to the New World was well and truly closed in 1930. They report that the Wall Street Crash of 1929 had created economic depression throughout the United States of America and in a state of trepidation the USA had demanded a return of all their financial loans to other countries. The USA also imposed limitations on the import of foreign goods which to the great sea port of Liverpool would have catastrophic repercussions. Belchem (2006) explains, despite having a national implication, the impact of the depression of the 1930’s was focused primarily on Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and Northern England. Aughton (2008) points out that Liverpool’s once strong trading connections with America would now cost the City dearly. He continues that the cessation in export from the recently thriving port subsequently led to underemployment for the few and unemployment for the masses. Aughton (2008) continues that poverty, although already in existence spread like wild fire throughout the City of Liverpool and overcrowding and poor conditions increased significantly. Helen Forrester (1974) elaborates in her autobiographical text ‘Twopence To Cross The Mersey’ that her family had journeyed to Liverpool naively in the hope of finding work in the once prosperous City but were confronted with the reality of no jobs, seven to a room overcrowing, in overpriced and squalid living conditions. O’Connor (2000) points out that Liverpool in the 1930’s had double the unemployment rate of the national average. He continues that throughout this desperate and appalling period, Liverpool continued to be creative in its expansive building programmes and argues that the elaborate construction work gave hope to the residents of a brighter future. Wildman (2012)

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