By 1351, 60 major and 150 smaller Jewish communities had been destroyed, and more than 350 separate massacres had occurred. This persecution was often not merely out of religious hatred, but also as a way of attacking the kings or Church who protected the Jews and as a way of lashing out at the institutions that had failed them. An important legacy of the Black Death was to cause the eastward movement of what was left of north European Jewry to Poland and Russia. From 1944-1993, 362 cases of human plague were reported in the United States. 90 percent of these occurred in four western states- Arizona, California, Colorado, and New Mexico.
This was because the word bubonic came from the word bubo(Plural form:buboes), which is swelling of the lymph nodes. Its was similar looking to a huge blister, and usually appeared under the armpit, in the groin area, or on the neck. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bubo) This disease moslty affected rats. this was because fleas lived on infected rats and drank their blood and then would pass the bacteria that cause the plague onto the next rat they bite. But because rats were being killed-off, the next thing for fleas to jump to were humans and other animals.
Over 3,000 ‘DMVs’ (Deserted Medieval Villages) have been discovered in England, with historians such as Chorpa attributing the reason for desertion to the plague. In perhaps the best known example, Wharram Percy in North Yorkshire, the surviving population is thought to have fled to York to avoid starvation as the village became unsustainable due to 85% of the population dying because of the plague. Some villages, including Kilkenny, saw total oblivoration and 100% death rates. However, perhaps the greatest impact was in the major cities, particularly London, England’s biggest city in the middle ages. London was described by contemporise
The Black Death, also known as the Black Plague, was a disease that lasted from 1348 to 1351 that impacted the world culturally and emotionally, in addition to wiping out thousands of people. The Plague came from Asia to Europe and was caused by fleas that were transported by rats through trading routes. It is difficult to know the exact number of victims, but estimates range from 25% to 60% of the European population succumbed to it. According to Joseph Byrne, in The Black Death, current estimates are that between 75 and 200 million people died from the plague. At the time, it was referred to as the “The Great Mortality” or “The Pestilence”, but people had no idea what caused it, how to prevent the spread of the disease, or how to effectively
These black rats like to live near or in human housing. This highly contagious infection is spread to humans by fleas that are biting the black rats and contracting the infection. The infected flea then bites a human and leaves the infection in the flea bites. When an over populated area of black rats becomes more over populated this can be another cause of the spread of the Black plaque faster. The growth of population in cities and small towns tend to lead to decline in living conditions, thus leading to famine and epidemics causing more cases if the Black Plaque.
Cat 150 Final Project- Pt II-Outline * Bubonic Plague: Devastating, Catastrophic Disease that killed a third of our population in the Middle Ages. I. History of The Bubonic Plague a) In the plague’s early stages, no man really put his name on discovering it; however, in the Sixth century, the principal historian for the Roman Empire named Procopius Caesarensis, first reported the epidemic in AD 541 from the port of Pelusium, near Suez in Egypt. In 1894 during the second outbreak, the plague had spread through Southern China and eventually to Hong Kong. A Scottish physician named James Lowson and a couple of bacteriologists named Shibasaburo Kitasato from Japan and a Swiss native named Alexandre Yersin were invited to research the plague.
The Black Death, often called the Plague which is now known to be caused by the bacteria Yersina pestis, occurred in vast tracts of Europe and along the Silk Road connecting Asia importantly in the years of 1348-1350 when it is estimated that over Europe’s population was killed. In slaying roughly 20 million people, the plague indiscriminately eradicated noble lineages as well as commoners. With the onset of the plague in medieval Europe, when little or no medical knowledge was at hand alongside over population and famine, chaos was bound to strike. Thus, to a large degree the world and Europe’s histories were altered by the Bubonic Plague by weakening the influence of the church, influencing post plague culture and lifestyles, and affecting
The Plague, also known as the black death, was one of the most fatal pandemics to ever happen. The disease started in Central Asia. It first infected fleas then rats. The rats started moving into cities, marking the start of a tremendous bloodshed. The disease infected sailors when rats immigrated into ships and kept finding its way through ports, spreading around in different continents.
The Black Death in England was known all over the world as the worst catastrophe ever to attack not only England, but also all through Europe (Benedictdow 1). This disease was named The Black Death due to the symptoms that resulted in the blackening of the skin surrounding the buboes. In the beginning the buboes would become visible as a red color, and then became a dark purple which later on turned to black (Alchin1). An interesting fact is that the nursery rhyme “Ring Around the Rosy” derived from this plague. “Ring around the Rosy” signifies the black rings that became visible on the skin.
The strike, which lasted a total of five months, affected 40% of the world’s production of platinum with the three main producers losing a combined total of R24 billion in revenue by the end of the strike. The platinum industry also lost around 1.2 million ounces of platinum