The Bubonic Plague of the 14th Century in Medieval Europe Have you ever heard of a disease called the “Black Death”? Black Death, commonly referred to as the “Bubonic” plague. The Bubonic plague was one of the worst diseases ever to plague the earth. In the 14th Century the plague swept across Europe killing one out of every four people, about 25 millions of the total population. In this report I will explain the symptoms, causes, treatment, outcome, and prevention.
The Black Plague was likely brought to Europe by fleas on rats that were carried by trading ships. The Black Death was a very gruesome disease. The victim’s skin would turn black in patches and inflamed glands would appear in the groin and armpit regions. With symptoms including vomiting, a swollen tongue, and splitting headaches, the Black Plague lead to a slow and painful death for its victims. The plague most likely started in China and then moved west to Europe.
People throughout Europe, Asia, & China were affected by it. 6. What actually caused the Black Death, was rats in the towns that carried fleas called yersinia pestis.These rats then transmitted the disease, which also was contagious to humans. If you got bitten by a rat or flea you would have the bubonic plague. 7.
When the fleas bit the rats they would then go to a human and bite them giving them the horrible disease they so fretfully waited for. They would never know that the fleas were biting them, let alone carrying the terrible Black Death. After five years, twenty five million people were dead. The disease was killing most of the people that lived in England. The first signs of the Black Death were swelling of the lymph nodes, mostly in the armpit, legs, neck, and groin.
The Bubonic Plague Question 1: Prepare a map to demonstrate how and when the plague spread through Medieval Europe. The deadly plague began in the Gobi Desert, in China and worked it way through Asia. It then reached Europe initially following Caravan routes, the Silk Road, and as well with the aid of European Shipping and the accompanying rats which boarded the ships, by 1346 the Black Death arrived in the Crimea. The spread of the disease had started throughout the now known world. Within 12 months the spread of the Black Death had devastated Constantinople (now known as Istanbul).
The Black Plague started in Europe in 1328 and lasted till 1352. It affected all of Europe at the time and killed one third of the population which was about 200 million people. The Black Plague, in other words, the Bubonic Plague, is an organism carried by rodents. Basically, the flea drinks some blood from a rat and later on, the flea infects the human. This causes an awful disease that spread all over Europe.
In 1348, tragedy stuck in Italy. Spreading throughout one third of Europe and wiping out all the population that resided there, “The Black Plague” or “Black Death” as some called it was well on its way to being known as a significant event in history. In just three years, 25 to 50% of Europe’s population was infected with the pestilence. The plague showed itself in three ways: Bubonic, leading to tumors on neck, armpits, or groin; through the respiratory system, resulting in hacking up blood; and through the bloodstream. Fleas carried the disease, the rats were an available target for them to attach to, and so the rats would transmit the disease to the people.
Sailors abroad arrived dead or gravely sick, with mysterious black boils all over them, which gave this disease its name “The Black Death”. Over the next five years, this plague killed one third of Europe’s population, which is about 20 million citizens. It was the first epidemic of the second series of outbreaks of the disease (Gottfried xiii) The Black Death was the greatest catastrophe ever which resulted in great fear, and impacted European society religiously and economically. Black is the metaphorical sense of terrible, and that is exactly was the plague was, a terrible and devastating epidemic linked to rodent and human ecology. This disease varied between Bubonic, Phumonic and Septicaemic plague strains.
When the fleas had their fill they would hop off the rat and onto their next victim, most likely a human, infecting them with the plague. The plague reached London around 1348 and people were dying rapidly. Horrible living conditions made the plague easier and faster to spread. This allowed the plague to evolve and come about in two different ways.
Bubonic Plague The Bubonic Plague started in 1348. It was the worst pandemics in world history, which means that it is the worst recorded plague breakout. Yersinia pestis bacteria killed almost more than half of Europe’s population. Reducing the world population to 350 million, before it was 450 million people. The breakout had started in China and central Asia, then it was believed to be carried to Europe by ships.