Terminology: Liver Cancer

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Aaliyah Reeves Med. Terminology Mrs. Birdsall October 5, 2012 Liver Cancer The liver is the largest glandular organ in the body. It weighs approximately three to four lbs. The liver is under the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant (RUQ). The liver plays a huge role in the metabolic process. The liver somewhat proesses dietary amino acids, carbohydrates, lipids, and vitamins. It also synthesizes serum proteins. Most serum proteins includes albumin, blood coagulation factors, complement, and bindin proteins for iron, copper, and vitamin A. Its mature liver is in the right hypochondrium under the rib cage and stretches from the right fifth intercostal space at the midclavicullar line right…show more content…
One of the most common sources of metastatic liver cancer is from tumors of the colon and rectum. About 140,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with colon cancer each year, and roughly half of these patients will develop tumors in their liver at some time. About one in 10 of these patients will have a chance for a cure by having the liver tumors removed surgically. The exact cause of liver cancer is unknown. But there are certain things called risk factors that can increase your chance of getting the disease. Which includes infections such as hepatitis B and C can lead to liver cancer smoking. If you smoke and also have hepatitis B or C, your risk is higher. Liver cirrhosis is scarring of the liver. It can be caused by heavy alcohol use and infection. Roughly 75 percent of primary liver cancers begin in hepatocytes(liver cells). Unless a person has a preexisting liver condition, such as cirrhosis, which would cause the symptoms of liver cancer to appear more quickly and be more intense, they may not realize the symptoms are an indicator of a serious medical condition. It is for this reason that many people are not diagnosed until the…show more content…
The second, localized and locally advanced unresectable, is used to describe a patient whose cancer is isolated to the liver, has not yet spread, but cannot be completely removed by surgery alone. The last is the advanced stage, and this is used to describe a patient whose liver cancer has spread through her body Treatment options for liver cancer has many variables, including the age and overall health of the patient, the size and location of the tumor or tumors and the stage of the cancer itself. In the earlier stages, surgery may be an option, along with chemotherapy and radiation. If the cancer is discovered during the early stages, it is possible for the patient to be cured; however, his cancer must not have spread, and he must be strong enough to undergo surgery. If a patient is in the advanced stage of the disease, the doctor may recommend that he participate in clinical trials, which are intended to improve the methods of treatment. Those in the advanced stages may also receive palliative therapy, which improves their quality of life through pain management. It is important to note that those suffering from secondary cancer will be treated for the original

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