Social & Religious Changes and Continuities in Medieval Europe Essay

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From 500 to 1500 CE in Europe, rural society & religious philosophies changed while the Roman Catholic Church continued to have political influence in the Holy Roman Empire. Rural society changes in Medieval Europe. In early medieval times, the demographic growth was not enough to lead to the urbanization of large scale cities. Manors and small communities were largely self sufficient. However, in later medieval times, there is another surge in population and this time it is sufficient to lead to the growth of previously existing cities like Paris, London, and Toledo. This urban growth leads to the increase in the employment opportunities for women. In cities, women can now work as merchants, butchers, bakers, brewers, candle makers, shoe makers, etc. Whereas in early medieval times, women could only do the domestic jobs of rural women. In sub-Saharan Africa, women had more of a public role than European women and could talk to men that were not their husbands. The changes in rural society were caused by the growth in population due to new agricultural technologies and techniques. Religious philosophies changed in Europe during the middle ages. A new philosophy that emerged was Scholasticism. Scholasticism synthesized Christian beliefs and values and the Greek philosophy of Aristotle. Sacraments, devotion to saints, and relics made Christianity more popular amongst the laity. Dominicans and Franciscans lived as beggars and gave up all material belongings to oppose the materialistic church. The Cathars and Waldesians preferred to commit heresy and leave the church altogether. Religious philosophies changed in medieval Europe due to the growing materialistic greed of the church and growing interaction with lands around Europe. The Roman Catholic Church continues to have influence over political matters in medieval Europe. In early

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